foot-and-mouth disease

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foot-and-mouth dis·ease (FMD),

a highly infectious disease of worldwide distribution and great economic importance, occurring in cattle, swine, sheep, goats, and all wild and domestic cloven-hoofed animals caused by a picornavirus (genus Aphthovirus) and characterized by vesicular eruptions in the mouth, tongue, hoofs, and udder; humans are rarely affected.
Synonym(s): aftosa

foot-and-mouth disease

n.
An acute, highly contagious degenerative viral disease of cattle and other cloven-hoofed animals, characterized by fever and the eruption of vesicles around the mouth and hooves. It is usually not fatal. Also called hoof-and-mouth disease.

foot-and-mouth disease

an acute extremely contagious rhabdovirus, specifically vesicular stomatitis virus, infection, primarily of cloven-hooved animals. It is characterized by the development of ulcers on the skin around the mouth, on the mucous membrane in the mouth, and on the udders. Horses are immune. The virus is transmitted to humans by direct contact with infected animals or their secretions or with contaminated milk, although this is rare. It should not be confused with hand-foot-and-mouth disease, which is caused by a different virus (coxsackie A). Symptoms and signs in humans include headache, fever, malaise, and vesicles on the tongue, oral mucous membranes, hands, and feet. Generalized pruritus and painful ulcerations may occur; however, the temperature soon falls, the lesions subside in about a week, and total healing without scars is complete by 2 or 3 weeks. Treatment is symptomatic. Also called aphthous fever. See also picornavirus.
An infection of cloven-hoofed barnyard beasts (cattle, goats, pigs, sheep) or rarely, humans, by a picornavirus, genus Aphthovirus, or by a rhabdovirus, vesicular stomatitis, which has an RNA clothed in a naked icosahedral nucleocapsid

foot-and-mouth dis·ease

(fut mowth di-zēz)
Highly infectious disease of worldwide distribution and great economic importance, occurring in cattle, swine, sheep, goats, and all wild and domestic cloven-hoofed animals caused by a picornavirus and characterized by vesicular eruptions in the mouth, tongue, hoofs, and udder; humans are rarely affected.

foot-and-mouth disease

an extremely contagious, acute disease of all cloven-footed animal species. It is caused by members of the genus Aphthovirus in the family Picornaviridae which has seven serotypes and at least 80 subserotypes. Clinically there is a syndrome of fever and vesicular lesions in the mouth and around the coronets. The first sign is often lameness. Spread is very rapid and the virus is very resistant so that the infection is readily transmitted on inanimate objects. The virus can also be transmitted over several miles by wind-borne carriage of aerosol infection from respiratory excretion of the virus. It is not fatal except occasionally in calves and young piglets, where it also produces a myocarditis, but herd productivity is reduced disastrously. A disease notifiable to the OIE (see Table 24). Controlled with a slaughter eradication policy in most countries, but the outbreak in the United Kingdom in 2001 indicates that this policy has limited public support. Called also FMD, aftosa.

foot-and-mouth disease m. d. virus (FMDV)
a picornavirus, seven serotypes, at least 80 subtypes, affecting all ruminants, pigs, hedgehogs and elephants. The virus is extremely acid-labile but survives well in offal, particularly glandular tissue and bone marrow which were commonly fed as garbage to pigs resulting in outbreaks of disease.
References in periodicals archive ?
State Veterinary and Phytosanitary Security Inspectorate said the situation on foot-and-mouth disease in Jayil district is stable.
The government set a policy to minimise slaughter against foot-and-mouth, while utilising vaccination to prevent the disease," read a statement from the presidential office.
Operation Silver Birch will set up a National Disease Control Centre (NDCC) and multiple Local Disease Control Centres (LDCCs) around the country, just as they would be if a major foot-and-mouth outbreak occurred in reality.
A Defra spokeswoman said, "The decision has been taken to slaughter cattle on suspicion of foot-and-mouth disease on a farm in Surrey.
Committee chairman Edward Leigh said: "The system was inadequate to deal with foot-and-mouth and would still be inadequate if there was a new outbreak of BSE or FMD.
There wasn't a significant fall in Cryptosporidium incidence in areas of Scotland free of foot-and-mouth disease, where the response to the outbreak was less aggressive.
Meanwhile, Mr Finnie told MSPs that the Executive was doing all it could to learn the lessons of last year's foot-and-mouth outbreak, which saw 735,000 sheep and cattle culled in Scotland.
FARMERS were today awaiting the test results on a pig showing symptoms of foot-and-mouth disease.
WELSH animal experts said last night that an outbreak of bovine tuberculosis could be more serious that the foot-and-mouth epidemic.
A NEW procedure to help test for foot-and-mouth has been developed by scientists fighting to eradicate the disease in the UK.
She had no way of knowing that in a little more than seven hours, her innocent, apparently small act of smuggling would lead to the most devastating outbreak of a contagious disease in American livestock since an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in 1929.
Farm Shows Step Up Precautions to Prevent the Spread of Foot-and-Mouth Disease