foot drop

(redirected from Foot dragging)

foot drop

Loss of the ability to bend the ankle so that the foot rises. This may be due to disorders of the lower spinal cord or of the nerves to the muscles that flex the ankle. Foot drop seriously interferes with walking. A foot brace may be necessary.

foot drop

paralysis/weakness of all or some extensor/dorsiflexor lower-leg muscles (i.e. tibialis anterior, extensor hallucis longus, extensor hallucis brevis, peroneus tertius) due to upper or lower motor neurone lesions (see Table 1), or traumatic severance of common peroneal nerve at neck of fibula, causing loss of dorsiflexion during gait; deceleration at heel contact is lost, the foot 'flaps' into contact with the ground surface, and toes drag against the floor during swing phase of gait; ambulation is assisted by use of an ankle-foot orthosis (AFO), preventing uncontrolled ankle joint plantarflexion
Table 1: Effects of damage to upper and lower motor neurones
Upper motor neurone lesionLower motor neurone lesion
ParalysisSpastic-type contractureFlaccid-type contractures may develop
Tendon reflexesExaggerated; hyperreflexiaReduced/absent; hyporeflexia
Plantar responseExtensor (Babinski's sign positive)Flexor (= normal; Babinski's sign negative)
Extraneous muscle activityNo fasciculations/fibrillationsFasciculations and fibrillations
References in periodicals archive ?
Among the reasons attributed for the failure was the policy of complacency, oversight, cultural rigidity to change, weak bank governance and foot dragging on reforms besides the heavy exposure to debt burdened Greece.
The undemocratic fashion with which this legislation is being manipulated through parliament makes me suspicious that it is being done in the interests of some powerful and privileged group, as is the continuous foot dragging about a referendum on the EU.
We can now see the result of inaction and foot dragging by the bodies involved.
It is too early to tell whether the DOE's modified approach will fuel even more state foot dragging, but the winds of compromise are blowing.
The labor unions engage in foot dragging and excuses when union members request to opt out, and workers who opt out are often subject to workplace retribution.
Brazilian foot dragging on hemispheric trade is holding back development in all of Latin America.
Whites were reluctant to go to school with blacks and would back up that opposition with lawsuits, legislative proposals, foot dragging of every sort by the courts, and as a last resort, fleeing integrated school districts for the predominantly white suburbs.
Hilts addresses some individual examples of FDA foot dragging, showing that the body count in each case has been exaggerated by the agency's critics.
The Schroeder regimes foot dragging on cutting labor and welfare costs will make the slump in German sales more pronounced than it need have been.
In spite of chronic foot dragging on fiscal and currency reforms sought by foreign investors, Indian capital investment should rise more than 10 percent overall from 2003 through 2005.
Probably the single biggest obstacle to developing viable private sector consumer bases in the region is governmental foot dragging on fundamental economic reforms that would stimulate private sector job creation and greater demand for goods and services.
In the first case, emotionally based foot dragging and counter proposals met Jick's coldly logical interpretations of environmental possibilities for joint-venture success.