foot-and-mouth disease

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foot-and-mouth dis·ease (FMD),

a highly infectious disease of worldwide distribution and great economic importance, occurring in cattle, swine, sheep, goats, and all wild and domestic cloven-hoofed animals caused by a picornavirus (genus Aphthovirus) and characterized by vesicular eruptions in the mouth, tongue, hoofs, and udder; humans are rarely affected.
Synonym(s): aftosa

foot-and-mouth disease

n.
An acute, highly contagious degenerative viral disease of cattle and other cloven-hoofed animals, characterized by fever and the eruption of vesicles around the mouth and hooves. It is usually not fatal. Also called hoof-and-mouth disease.

foot-and-mouth disease

an acute extremely contagious rhabdovirus, specifically vesicular stomatitis virus, infection, primarily of cloven-hooved animals. It is characterized by the development of ulcers on the skin around the mouth, on the mucous membrane in the mouth, and on the udders. Horses are immune. The virus is transmitted to humans by direct contact with infected animals or their secretions or with contaminated milk, although this is rare. It should not be confused with hand-foot-and-mouth disease, which is caused by a different virus (coxsackie A). Symptoms and signs in humans include headache, fever, malaise, and vesicles on the tongue, oral mucous membranes, hands, and feet. Generalized pruritus and painful ulcerations may occur; however, the temperature soon falls, the lesions subside in about a week, and total healing without scars is complete by 2 or 3 weeks. Treatment is symptomatic. Also called aphthous fever. See also picornavirus.
An infection of cloven-hoofed barnyard beasts (cattle, goats, pigs, sheep) or rarely, humans, by a picornavirus, genus Aphthovirus, or by a rhabdovirus, vesicular stomatitis, which has an RNA clothed in a naked icosahedral nucleocapsid

foot-and-mouth dis·ease

(fut mowth di-zēz)
Highly infectious disease of worldwide distribution and great economic importance, occurring in cattle, swine, sheep, goats, and all wild and domestic cloven-hoofed animals caused by a picornavirus and characterized by vesicular eruptions in the mouth, tongue, hoofs, and udder; humans are rarely affected.

foot-and-mouth disease

an extremely contagious, acute disease of all cloven-footed animal species. It is caused by members of the genus Aphthovirus in the family Picornaviridae which has seven serotypes and at least 80 subserotypes. Clinically there is a syndrome of fever and vesicular lesions in the mouth and around the coronets. The first sign is often lameness. Spread is very rapid and the virus is very resistant so that the infection is readily transmitted on inanimate objects. The virus can also be transmitted over several miles by wind-borne carriage of aerosol infection from respiratory excretion of the virus. It is not fatal except occasionally in calves and young piglets, where it also produces a myocarditis, but herd productivity is reduced disastrously. A disease notifiable to the OIE (see Table 24). Controlled with a slaughter eradication policy in most countries, but the outbreak in the United Kingdom in 2001 indicates that this policy has limited public support. Called also FMD, aftosa.

foot-and-mouth disease m. d. virus (FMDV)
a picornavirus, seven serotypes, at least 80 subtypes, affecting all ruminants, pigs, hedgehogs and elephants. The virus is extremely acid-labile but survives well in offal, particularly glandular tissue and bone marrow which were commonly fed as garbage to pigs resulting in outbreaks of disease.
References in periodicals archive ?
How do you prevent or treat hand, foot and mouth disease?
While there is no cure for hand, foot and mouth disease, it will usually clear up on its own without treatment within around seven days.
Hand, foot and mouth disease is a highly contagious disease that multiplies in the gastrointestinal tract.
Headteacher Claire Jones said the school would write to parents who had nursery and reception children at the school to inform them about the cases of hand foot and mouth and advise them to keep any children feeling unwell at home until they recover.
The foot and mouth outbreak was traced back to the Pirbright animal health laboratory
The vet was absolutely sure this was not foot and mouth, can I make that clear, this was not foot and mouth.
Some developing countries have expressed fear that the inability to test for BSE or foot and mouth disease and file reports according to OIE standards could prevent them from exporting farm products, particularly to industrialized countries.
He said: "If it hadn't been for foot and mouth and the strong pound, we would have expected to see significant growth in spending by tourists in the UK and Scotland.
Farmers are all too aware of the constant vigilance needed in livestock farming, but foot and mouth has been a massive blow to confidence and morale.
And the devastating consequences of foot and mouth are still costing tourism more than pounds 5million a week.
DuPont and Antec have previously joined efforts in fighting outbreaks of foot and mouth disease internationally, including last year's outbreaks in Japan, Taiwan, Korea and South Africa and the 1997 outbreak in Taiwan.
BRITAIN could be hit by a "never-ending" epidemic of foot and mouth after a Government vet found the disease in a wild deer.