foot-and-mouth disease

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foot-and-mouth dis·ease (FMD),

a highly infectious disease of worldwide distribution and great economic importance, occurring in cattle, swine, sheep, goats, and all wild and domestic cloven-hoofed animals caused by a picornavirus (genus Aphthovirus) and characterized by vesicular eruptions in the mouth, tongue, hoofs, and udder; humans are rarely affected.
Synonym(s): aftosa

foot-and-mouth disease

n.
An acute, highly contagious degenerative viral disease of cattle and other cloven-hoofed animals, characterized by fever and the eruption of vesicles around the mouth and hooves. It is usually not fatal. Also called hoof-and-mouth disease.

foot-and-mouth disease

an acute extremely contagious rhabdovirus, specifically vesicular stomatitis virus, infection, primarily of cloven-hooved animals. It is characterized by the development of ulcers on the skin around the mouth, on the mucous membrane in the mouth, and on the udders. Horses are immune. The virus is transmitted to humans by direct contact with infected animals or their secretions or with contaminated milk, although this is rare. It should not be confused with hand-foot-and-mouth disease, which is caused by a different virus (coxsackie A). Symptoms and signs in humans include headache, fever, malaise, and vesicles on the tongue, oral mucous membranes, hands, and feet. Generalized pruritus and painful ulcerations may occur; however, the temperature soon falls, the lesions subside in about a week, and total healing without scars is complete by 2 or 3 weeks. Treatment is symptomatic. Also called aphthous fever. See also picornavirus.
An infection of cloven-hoofed barnyard beasts (cattle, goats, pigs, sheep) or rarely, humans, by a picornavirus, genus Aphthovirus, or by a rhabdovirus, vesicular stomatitis, which has an RNA clothed in a naked icosahedral nucleocapsid

foot-and-mouth dis·ease

(fut mowth di-zēz)
Highly infectious disease of worldwide distribution and great economic importance, occurring in cattle, swine, sheep, goats, and all wild and domestic cloven-hoofed animals caused by a picornavirus and characterized by vesicular eruptions in the mouth, tongue, hoofs, and udder; humans are rarely affected.

foot-and-mouth disease

an extremely contagious, acute disease of all cloven-footed animal species. It is caused by members of the genus Aphthovirus in the family Picornaviridae which has seven serotypes and at least 80 subserotypes. Clinically there is a syndrome of fever and vesicular lesions in the mouth and around the coronets. The first sign is often lameness. Spread is very rapid and the virus is very resistant so that the infection is readily transmitted on inanimate objects. The virus can also be transmitted over several miles by wind-borne carriage of aerosol infection from respiratory excretion of the virus. It is not fatal except occasionally in calves and young piglets, where it also produces a myocarditis, but herd productivity is reduced disastrously. A disease notifiable to the OIE (see Table 24). Controlled with a slaughter eradication policy in most countries, but the outbreak in the United Kingdom in 2001 indicates that this policy has limited public support. Called also FMD, aftosa.

foot-and-mouth disease m. d. virus (FMDV)
a picornavirus, seven serotypes, at least 80 subtypes, affecting all ruminants, pigs, hedgehogs and elephants. The virus is extremely acid-labile but survives well in offal, particularly glandular tissue and bone marrow which were commonly fed as garbage to pigs resulting in outbreaks of disease.
References in periodicals archive ?
While there is no cure for hand, foot and mouth disease, it will usually clear up on its own without treatment within around seven days.
Hand, foot and mouth disease is a highly contagious disease that multiplies in the gastrointestinal tract.
Headteacher Claire Jones said the school would write to parents who had nursery and reception children at the school to inform them about the cases of hand foot and mouth and advise them to keep any children feeling unwell at home until they recover.
The foot and mouth outbreak was traced back to the Pirbright animal health laboratory
The vet was absolutely sure this was not foot and mouth, can I make that clear, this was not foot and mouth.
The figures come after the Sunday Mirror revealed that the cost of the foot and mouth clear-up operation plus compensation to farmers had tipped pounds 100million.
production of a foot and mouth disease marked vaccine to protect our food supply against a very virulent disease," said Dr.
The clinical trial report " Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease Global Clinical Trials Review, H2, 2014 C[thorn] provides data on the Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease clinical trial scenario.
Hand foot and mouth disease gets its name from a rash which develops on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet.
AT the first sign of foot and mouth, the animals are slaughtered and burnt.
A CITY primary school was closed today after an outbreak of hand, foot and mouth disease.
Vets check sheep for suspected foot and mouth disease during the recent outbreak