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The preparation of comestibles by heating. In meats, overcooking can result in the production of carcinogenic polycyclic amines; undercooking carries the risk of parasitic (e.g., Taenia solium, T saginatus) or bacterial (e.g., Escherichia coli 0157:H7, Salmonella spp) infections.


[L. coquere, to cook]
The process of heating foods to prepare them for eating. Cooking makes most foods more palatable and easier to chew, improves their digestibility (and sometimes their nutrient bioavailability), and destroys or inactivates harmful organisms, or toxins that may be present. Cooking releases the aromatic substances and extractives that contribute odors and taste to foods. These odors help to stimulate the appetite.


Not all toxic substances are inactivated by heat. Most microorganisms and parasites are destroyed in the ordinary process of cooking when the food is heated to internal temperatures of 160°F to 175°F. Pork must be cooked completely throughout to kill the encysted larvae of Trichinella.


Protein: Soluble proteins become coagulated. Soluble substances: These, including heat-labile vitamins, are often inactivated by boiling, and even mineral substances and starches, although insoluble to a certain extent, may be altered in this process. Starch: The starch granules swell and are changed from insoluble (raw) starch to soluble starch capable of being converted into sugar during digestion and of being assimilated in the system.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Royal Bengal, in Prince Regent Street, Stockton Below, some of food preparation areas that led to the prosecution
Product coverage: Blenders, Citrus Pressers, Food Processors, Grinders and Choppers, Juice Extractors, Mixers, Other Food Preparation Appliances.
They were on top of food preparation surfaces, near food equipment and very close to food packaging.
Commenting on the project, Ed Getley, Chalcroft Contracts Manager, said: "The work completed during this conversion project will play an important role in further improving The Jordans & Ryvita Company's food preparation operation.
9 percent and food preparation and serving 10 percent.
Club bosses were ordered to bring in pest control, to deep clean food preparation areas and repair floor tiles.
Run by a team of adults with learning disabilities, the cafe, on Orchard Street, gives budding chefs the chance to earn NVQ qualifications in food preparation.
Recognizing the trend toward healthier food preparation, Johnson & Wales University (R.
In particular, the concept that women could use food preparation to give themselves sexual allure, make their marriage happy, and improve their family's social standings and prospects became the favored revolving theme of advertisers.
Additional food preparation tips, such as soaking beans at length in water to make them more digestible, round out this "must-have" guide to anyone seeking to make substantial dietary improvements to both look and feel better.
based Alto-Shaam, began his involvement with food preparation equipment more than 50 years ago when he developed an apparatus that kept pizza warm during delivery.
Topics included healthy (vegetarian) menus for children, (vegetarian) holiday meal preparation, and label-reading for healthy food preparation and safe food handling.