Although focal dystonia
occur in hundreds of thousands of people throughout the world, they are typically vastly underrecognized.
One of the patients' sons and 2 cousins had a history of focal dystonia
, 1 of the patients' parents had consanguinity and his 2 cousins had a history of focal dystonia
, and the patient with Parkinson disease had a brother with Parkinson disease.
Botulinum toxin injections, commonly known as BOTOX(R) or Dysport(R), provide an effective treatment in 75% cases of focal dystonia
As is made clear in "Two Hands," Fleisher suffers from a condition now diagnosed as focal dystonia
in which the fourth and fifth fingers of his right hand curl inward.
Just three years after releasing her first album, "Solo," and during the promotion of its follow-up, "Chameleon," Assad was diagnosed with focal dystonia
, a neurological condition that affected use of her left hand.
Localized injections of botulinum toxin for the treatment of focal dystonia
and hemifacial spasm.
Pallidal DBS is now also used for treatment of generalized, segmental, and focal dystonia
(Bereznai, Steude, Seelos, & Botzel, 2002; Kiss, Doig, Eliasziw, Ranawaya, & Suchowersky, 2004).
It is a focal dystonia
, and it is classified as one of two main types.
Tempell says the results also suggest that writer's cramp is a form of focal dystonia
, a brain disorder characterized by involuntary muscle spasms.
-- a loss of muscle tone that can affect isolated muscles in the body, or that can be generalized -- causes musicians to experience incoordination while playing, "frequently accompanied by involuntary curling or extension of fingers.
The Foundation is especially relevant for Craig, who suffered a neurological malady that was later diagnosed as focal dystonia
, a form of dystonia that affects the facial muscles.
In 1999, he developed rare neuromuscular disorder Focal Dystonia
, which affected use of his right hand, sidelining his career as a guitarist.