fluoride

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fluoride

 [floor´īd]
any binary compound of fluorine.
fluoride poisoning a toxic condition that sometimes occurs with ingestion of excessive fluoride. Acute fluoride poisoning involves an immediate physiological reaction, with nausea, vomiting, hypersalivation, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. Chronic fluoride poisoning is a physiological reaction to long term exposure to high levels of fluoride and is characterized by dental fluorosis, skeletal fluorosis, and kidney damage. Called also fluorosis.
systemic fluoride a fluoride ingested in water, supplements, or some other form. See also fluoridation.
topical fluoride a fluoride applied directly to the teeth, especially of children, in a dental caries prevention program.

fluor·ide

(flōr'īd),
1. A compound of fluorine with a metal, a nonmetal, or an organic radical.
2. The anion of fluorine; inhibits enolase; found in bone and tooth apatite; fluoride has a cariostatic effect; high levels are toxic.

fluoride

[floo͡r′īd]
an anion of fluorine. Fluoride compounds are introduced into drinking water or applied directly to the teeth to prevent tooth decay.

fluor·ide

(flōr'īd)
A compound of fluorine with a metal, a nonmetal, or an organic radical; the anion of fluorine; inhibits enolase; found in bone and tooth apatite; fluoride has a cariostatic effect; high levels are toxic.

fluoride

a compound of fluorine that replaces hydroxyl groups in teeth and bones and reduces the tendency to tooth decay. Its therapeutic use was discovered accidentally at Bauxite, Arkansas, when water containing fluoride was replaced by water lacking fluoride, resulting in an increase of dental cavities in children. See FLUORIDATION, DENTAL CARIES.

Fluoride

A chemical compound containing fluorine that is used to treat water or applied directly to teeth to prevent decay.

fluoride,

n a mineral important in bone formation used for the treatment of osteoporosis and prevention of tooth decay. Overdose can produce tooth mottling, joint pain, stomach pain, and nausea.

fluor·ide

(flōr'īd)
1. A compound of fluorine with a metal, a nonmetal, or an organic radical.
2. The anion of fluorine; inhibits enolase; found in bone and tooth apatite; fluoride has a cariostatic effect; high levels are toxic.

fluoride(s)

(flŏŏr´īd),
n a salt of hydrofluoric acid, commonly sodium or stannous (tin).
fluoride dietary supplements,
n.pl the orally administered nutritional additives of the chemical fluoride; often taken by individuals without regular access to a fluoridated water supply; available as chewable tablets, drops, pills, and in combination with vitamin supplements. See also fluoride drops.
fluoride drops,
n a supplemental liquid form of the chemical fluoride. They can be administered to children from 6 months to 3 years of age but are not usually recommended because most children are exposed to normal levels of fluoride in their water systems at home and school and in their beverages.
fluoride, stannous,
n a compound of tin and fluorine used in dentifrices to prevent caries.
fluoride tablets/lozenges,
n.pl the supplemental forms of the chemical fluoride. Tablets must be chewed, and lozenges must be held in the oral cavity until dissolved in order to benefit from the fluoride's contact with the teeth.
fluoride toxicity,
n poisoning as a result of ingesting too much fluoride. Symptoms range from upset stomach to death.
fluoride varnish,
n a topical resin containing fluoride that is thinly applied to the tooth surface and used as a preventive treatment for caries. Can also be used as a desensitizing agent to treat dentinal hypersensitivity by temporarily blocking dentinal tubules.
fluorides, topical,
n.pl the salts of hydrofluoric acid (usually sodium or tin salts) that may be applied in solution to the exposed dental surfaces to prevent dental caries and promote remineralization. They can be applied by trays or mouthrinses or by techniques such as paint-on.
fluorides, topical, paint-on technique,
n a professionally administered procedure in which the exposed dental surfaces are coated with a fluoride solution or gel or varnish to prevent caries and promote remineralization.

fluoride

any binary compound of fluorine. See also fluorine.
References in periodicals archive ?
Foods containing mechanically de-boned chicken and turkey were highest in fluoride because fluoride-saturated bone dust gets into the finished product.
Babies fed excess fluoride can grow white spotted, yellow, brown and/or pitted teeth (dental fluorosis).
program requires that 80 % of the labeled amount of fluoride must be released by the formulation with one minute of homogenization with a 1:3 dilution with water [4].
The present work was initiated to find out an easy and practicable solution to the problem, more specifically with the following objectives; a) To remove fluorides from drinking water that contain 2,4,6,8 and 10 mg/l.
The efficacy of topically applied fluoride products in the prevention of caries in children and adolescents is clearly recognised from an evidence-based perspective [Marinho et al.
For years, many scientists and dentists have called for banning fluoride in toothpaste and drinking water.
The amount of fluoride in the city of San Diego's water system was increased starting February 1, 2011.
From this it is clear that the only safe limit for fluoride is none.
CDC encourages all persons to know the fluoride content of their primary source of drinking water.
Fluorine and Fluorides in Environmental Health Criteria, Series 36, 25-26 World Health Organization, Geneva.
Fluoride is of interest because of its toxic properties and its effect on dental enamel and bone.