Flourens


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Flour·ens

(flūr'enz),
Marie Jean Pierre, French physiologist, 1794-1867. See: Flourens theory.
References in classic literature ?
Flourens, in consequence of the rabbits, cats, and guinea-pigs they have killed?
Acha, apresenta os aspectos historicos mais relevantes da neuropsicologia forense, trazendo conceitos de autores como David Hartley, Gall, Flourens, Broca, Wernicke e Luria.
Some wellknown nineteenth-century practitioners active in France include Julien Legallois (1770-1814), Pierre-Hubert Nysten (1771-1818), Guillaume Dupuytren (1777-1835), Nicola Blondlot (1808-1877), Achille Longet (1811-1871), Francois Magendie (1783-1855), Jean Pierre Flourens (1794-1867), Claude Bernard (1813-1878), Louis Pasteur (1822-1895), Paul Bert (1833-1886) and the Russian-French Elias von Cyon (1843-1912).
Rapidamente, este planteamiento es controvertido, no solo por el pobre sustento cientifico, como por la postura filosofico-religiosa que se oponia al supuesto reduccionismo materialista de concebir la mente como algo completamente biologico, postura basada en los experimentos realizados con animales por el frances Pierre Flourens, en 1820, y expresados en la teoria del campo agregado del encefalo.
Flourens, que explicaba los trabajos y las ideas del naturalista frances, senalara que lo que hizo Buffon fue "mettre un terme a ce grand desordre" y que "rien n'est plus admirable, rien n'est d'une metode experimentale plus savante que son enumeration comparee de tous les animaux quadrupedes connus de son temps" (Fourens 1850: 135)
Other passages from his text make this impression clear, when he mentions for example the differences between the many species of palm trees, "as seen in the work of Spix and Martius" Or still further, in suggesting that the teacher of landscape painting have some knowledge of botany, geology and meteorology, "because Lineu, Cuvier, Humboldt, Tournefort and Flourens teach us to paint, as do anatomists, mathematicians, poets, philosophers, physicists and physiologists".
In 1824 French physiologist Marie Jean Pierre Flourens was the first to theorize that an injured nerve could be bypassed, "joining the superior end of one nerve with the inferior end of the other and visa versa.
Flourens aporto al esclarecimiento de las funciones del cerebelo en la coordination motora, inicio metodologias clinicas aplicadas en neurocirugia como la extirpation de areas cerebrales (llamadas ablation por Flourens) y dio paso a la rehabilitation de funciones en sus investigaciones.
Marie Jean Pierre Flourens (1794-1867) aporto la primera demostracion experimental de la localizacion de funciones en el cerebro.
Hunter, The Anthropological Treatises of Johann Friedrich Blumenbach: With Memoirs of Him by Marx and Flourens and an Account of his Anthropological Museum by John Hunter, M.
It includes lectures on Bernard by JB Dumas and P Bert, and Bernard's incorporation speech to the French Academy with his laudatio to Flourens, his predecessor at seat No 24 in L'Academie Francaise.