Florence

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Flor·ence

(flōr-ahn[h]s'),
Albert, French physician, 1851-1927. See: Florence crystals.

Nightingale, Florence

(1820-1910), considered the founder of modern nursing. After limited formal training in nursing in Germany and Paris, she became superintendent in 1853 of a small hospital in London. Her outstanding success in reorganizing the hospital led the British government to request that she head a mission to the Crimea, where Britain was fighting a war with Russia. After her return to England in 1856, she wrote Notes on Hospitals and Notes on Nursing and founded a training school for nurses at St. Thomas' Hospital, where she attracted well-educated, dedicated women. The graduates became matrons of the most important hospitals in Great Britain, thus raising the standards of nursing across the nation and eventually around the world. Although she was, by then, bedridden much of the time, she carried on her work on the sanitary reform of India, conducted a study of midwifery, helped establish visiting nurse services, and worked for the reform of the poor laws in which she proposed separate institutions for the sick, the insane, the incurable, and children. One of Florence Nightingale's outstanding contributions was significantly decreasing the infection-related death rate through cleanliness. After Longfellow wrote Santa Filomena, she became known as "The Lady with the Lamp"; the Nightingale Pledge, named after her, embodies her ideals and has inspired thousands of young graduating nurses.
References in periodicals archive ?
The next two chapters demonstrate how Florentine Histories stimulated Machiavelli to more nuanced evaluations of the nobility and the people, engendering an "altered social outlook .
Following the lead of Francesco Bausi and Humfrey Butters, Jurdjevic documents a sympathy for the traditional Florentine aristocracy in the two later works, absent from the populism dominant in The Prince and the Discourses.
When considering Machiavelli's Republican convictions, Jurdjevic moves away from the Roman model and considers, instead, Florentine republicanism in Machiavelli's republican treatise, the Discursus florentinarum rerum post mortem iunioris Laurentii Medices (Discourse on Florentine Affairs After the Death of Lorenzo de' Medici) from 1520.
He became a wanted man when the power of the Florentine government changed hands and his name was linked to a conspiracy to overthrow the returning Medici family.
Chapter 5 examines approaches to this: church jurisdiction over lay moral crimes was restricted; a Florentine presence was established in local festivals; the contadini could be obliged to participate in urban celebrations.
The themes, concepts, and issues that emerge from his examination relate to the trends in Florentine historiography over the past generation; and his discussion of the self bears obvious, and acknowledged, debts to John Martin's recent work on this area.
Here he reviews, in reflective and carefully qualified and nuanced terms, his major arguments and the dynamics of the evolution and transformation of the statutes of the Florentine territory between center and periphery from the late communal era to the emergence of the early modern territorial state.
Gilson examines three main topics: 1) how Dante was perceived in relation to humanism and its values; 2) how Dante was used by readers, humanists and merchants alike, to advance Florentine civic causes; and 3) how subsequent readers and writers reused Dante's teachings in general.
The Hannaford's Florentine Fish Pie is available in a variety of different sizes, Makro are selling it in a 1kg pack size as a family meal and sales on this line are exceeding all expectations", said Francesca Johnson, Paramount's Commercial Manager.
In her interview, titled "Rabbia and Orgoglio," the Florentine raised an alarm regarding Europe's incapacity to defend itself against the Islamicization of the West.
Petrarch's response to Dante is famously less generous than his friend Boccaccio's, and Gilson shows how Petrarch tried to demonstrate his lack of animosity towards the earlier famous Florentine poet (32-40).
These harsh, not very appealing images contrast with another series of photographs, enormous in size, exhibited at the gallery entrance--a new work, VB53: Giardino dei Boboli, Firenze, 2005, created with the Florentine performance as a point of departure but tied to it only thematically.