fennel

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Related to Florence fennel: fennel flower, common fennel

fen·nel

(fen'ĕl),
Fennel seed, the dried ripe fruit of cultivated varieties of Foeniculum vulgare (family Umbelliferae), an herb native to southern Europe and Asia, a diaphoretic and carminative; a volatile oil distilled from the fruit is used as a flavoring.
[through O. Fr., fr. L. faeniculum, fennel, dim. of faenum, hay]

fennel

/fen·nel/ (fen´il) the flowering herb Foeniculum vulgare, or its edible seeds, which are used as a source of fennel oil.

fennel

A perennial herb that contains fixed oils (e.g., oleic, linoleic and petroselenic acids), flavonoids, vitamins and volatile oils (e.g., anethole, estragole, limonene and pinene).
 
Chinese medicine
The seeds are regarded as antispasmodic, antitussive, diuretic, expectorant and tonic, and used for colic, dyspepsia, hernias, nausea and vomiting. 

Herbal medicine
In Western herbal medicine, fennel is regarded as a carminative; the seeds and roots are used to treat tired eyes, gastric discomfort, kidney stones, to increase breast milk and to stimulate the appetite; other uses are similar to those in Chinese herbal medicine.

fen·nel

(fen'ĕl)
Fennel seed, the dried ripe fruit of cultivated varieties of Foeniculum vulgare, a diaphoretic and carminative.
[through O. Fr., fr. L. faeniculum, fennel, dim. of faenum, hay]

fennel,

n Latin name:
Foeniculum vulgare; part used: seeds; uses: abnormal menstruation, hampered lactation, low sex drive; precautions: pregnancy, lactation; essential oil: children; patients with liver disease or stomach ulcers; not for long-term use; can cause convulsions, nausea, contact dermatitis, photosensitivity, lung edemas, and some cancers. Also called
aneth fenouil, carosella, fenchel, funcho, garden fennel, hinojo, large fennel, sweet fennel, and
wild fennel.
Enlarge picture
Fennel.
References in periodicals archive ?
Beetroot, Swiss chard, Florence fennel, and turnips can still be sown.
These peculiar shaped peas which have four flat sides and turned up corners are a speciality on my dinner plate and, to cap it all, my Florence fennel are swelling up into perfect white, ball like roots.
Florence fennel If you want an unusual vegetable to add an aniseed flavour to dishes or simply served as an accompaniment, now's the time to sow Florence fennel under cover, or wait until May to sow outdoors.
SOW Florence fennel for use in fish dishes, soups and salads.
First result of plant density and nitrogen rate on yield and quality of Florence fennel (Foeniculum vulgar Mill.
Beetroot, spinach, Florence fennel, Kale 'Cavolo Nero', watercress and 'Banana' shallots - a seed-sown variety producing a single large bulb with a very strong flavour - all produced harvests much more economical than buying the produce from supermarkets.
If you only have a small city garden but want to add some zest to your patio, fennel looks amazingly decorative in a large container and the herb fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is distinct from its vegetable relative, Florence fennel.
Suggested groups include: # Celery, sweetcorn, spinach, leeks, root crops/ potatoes # Legumes, onions, Florence fennel # Brassicas, perennial cropsSalad leaves, sweetcorn, potatoes, tomatoes and any other crop that doesn't fall into the traditional rotation groups can replace any crops in any year.