flavonoid

(redirected from Flavanol)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Flavanol: Flavonoids

flavonoid

/fla·vo·noid/ (fla´vah-noid) any of a group of compounds containing a characteristic aromatic nucleus and widely distributed in higher plants, often as a pigment; a subgroup with biological activity in mammals is the bioflavonoids.

flavonoid

Herbal medicine
Any of a family of yellow pigments which are chemically similar to tannins and somewhat similar in use; flavonoids have been used for bruising, hay fever and menorrhagia. 

Nutrition
A family of biologically active polyphenolic compounds found in fruits (in particular in the pulp thereof), vegetables, tea and red wine, which are potent antioxidants and effective platelet inhibitors; a flavonoid-rich diet may protect against atherosclerosis and platelet-mediated thrombosis, due to flavonoids’ platelet-inhibition.

flavonoid

Bioflavonoid Nutrition Any biologically-active polyphenol found in fruits, especially in the pulp, vegetables, tea, red wine, which are potent antioxidants and platelet inhibitors

fla·vo·noid

(flāvō-noyd)
Metabolite from plant matter.

Flavonoid

A food chemical that helps to limit oxidative damage to the body's cells, and protects against heart disease and cancer.
Mentioned in: Smoking
References in periodicals archive ?
This increased blood flow means that cocoa flavanols also benefit cardiovascular health, so your brain isn't the only organ that benefits from cocoa intake.
This result suggests the potential of cocoa flavanols to protect cognition in vulnerable populations over time by improving cognitive performance," said study's lead author Dr Valentina Socci.
The effects of relatively long-term ingestion of cocoa flavanols (ranging from 5 days up to 3 months) has generally been investigated in elderly individuals.
As grape juice extract had no effect on BP, this suggests that wine grapes contain more flavanols with oligomeric and polymeric procyanidins, often comprising 25-50% of the total polyphenols (Draijer et al.
Cocoa flavanol consumption improves cognitive function, blood pressure control, and metabolic profile in elderly subjects: the cocoa, cognition, and aging (CoCoA) study--a randomized controlled trial," American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol.
CocoaVia is a daily cocoa extract supplement that contains 375 mg of cocoa flavanols in every serving--the highest concentration of cocoa flavanols in a supplement today.
Found naturally in the cocoa bean, cocoa flavanols are scientifically proven to promote a healthy heart by promoting healthy blood flow.
Also, none of the participants in the study had any cognitive impairment, and longer-term diagnoses of cognitive impairment or dementia were not assessed, so it is not known if high flavanol intake could prevent these outcomes.
As for the flavanol doses, Small says that the beverage used to deliver the high dose contained a number of other components, such as potassium, caffeine and calcium.
Analysis using HPLC-MS, identified compounds such as anthocyanins, flavanol monomers, and heterogeneous flavanol oligomers up to hexamers [8].
The quality of CTC (crush, tear and curl) black tea mainly depends on flavanol composition present in the cell vacuole of green leaf, oxidised during processing leading to the formation of black tea pigments, theaflavins (golden yellow) and thearubigins (orange brown) which are largely responsible for brightness, briskness, colour and strength [1,8,9].