Filoviridae


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

Fi·lo·vi·ri·dae

(fī'lō-vī'ri-dē),
A family of filamentous, single-stranded, negative sense RNA viruses with an enveloped nucleocapsid. These viruses were formerly classified with the Rhabdoviridae and are associated with hemorrhagic fever. The natural reservoir of these viruses is unknown. See: Ebola virus.
[L. filum, thread, + virus]

Filoviridae

/Fi·lo·vi·ri·dae/ (fi″lo-vir´ĭ-de) Marburg and Ebola viruses: a family of RNA viruses with enveloped filamentous virions and a negative-sense single-stranded RNA genome; the single genus is Filovirus.

Fi·lo·vi·ri·dae

(fī'lō-vī'ri-dē)
A family of filamentous, single-stranded, negative sense RNA viruses with an enveloped nucleocapsid.
[L. filum, thread, + virus]

Filoviridae

a family of viruses; very long, up to 970 nm × 80 nm, filamentous rods; sometimes more compact convoluted forms are recognized, which are enveloped and have a helical nucleocapsid and a single-strand RNA genome. The two viruses in the family, Marburg and Ebola, are endemic in certain African countries and produce highly fatal hemorrhagic fevers in humans, including laboratory workers handling infected monkeys, which are believed to be the reservoirs.
Enlarge picture
Filoviridae. By permission from Fenner F, Gibbs EPJ, Horzinek MC, Studdert MJ, Murphy FA, Veterinary Virology, Academic Press, 1999
References in periodicals archive ?
Risk material with high level of abstraction: The Filoviridae virus is a virulent infectious disease that causes Ebola hemorrhagic fever in human and primates, and has a high mortality rate that ranges between 50% and 90%.
The first documented outbreaks of hemorrhagic fever caused by a filovirus occurred more than 45 years ago, but the amount of virus genetic diversity in the strains indicate that the Filoviridae are much older.
Ebola and Marburg are two different viruses belonging to the filoviridae family.
La familia Filoviridae contiene tres generos: Ebolavirus, Marburgvirus y Cuevavirus.
Marburg virus, named after the German town where it first was reported in 1967, is a virulent pathogen of the Filoviridae family whose origins can be traced to central Africa.
El ebola es una enfermedad generada por virus de la familia Filoviridae.
We foresee that the outlined experiments will provide an detailed and accurate overview of the unusual entry-route used by Filoviridae, will make our screening platform more powerful and will generate a much-needed overview of host factors used by a compendium of viruses.
The order Mononegavirales contains viral species that have a RNA genome and include the four families Bornaviridae, Rhabdoviridae, Filoviridae, and Paramyxoviridae.
Like its closely related species, Ebola, it belongs to the family Filoviridae.
Los virus ebola y Marburg pertenecen a la familia Filoviridae y causan una fiebre hemorragica severa en humanos y primates no humanos en africa.
On March 23, 2005, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed Marburg virus (family Filoviridae, which includes Ebola virus) as the causative agent of an outbreak of viral hemorrhagic fever (VHF) in Uige Province in northern Angola.
Los virus que producen las fiebres hemorragicas se clasifican en cinco familias: Arenaviridae (fiebre de Lassa y fiebres hemorragicas de Argentina, Bolivia, Venezuela y Brasil), Bunyaviridae (fiebre hemorragica con sindrome renal y sindrome pulmonar por hantavirus, fiebre hemorragica de Crimea-Congo), Filoviridae (fiebre de Ebola y de Marburgo) y Flaviviridae (fiebre amarilla y dengue).