Filoviridae


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Related to Filoviridae: Reoviridae, Rhabdoviridae, Arenaviridae, Mononegavirales

Fi·lo·vi·ri·dae

(fī'lō-vī'ri-dē),
A family of filamentous, single-stranded, negative sense RNA viruses with an enveloped nucleocapsid. These viruses were formerly classified with the Rhabdoviridae and are associated with hemorrhagic fever. The natural reservoir of these viruses is unknown. See: Ebola virus.
[L. filum, thread, + virus]

Filoviridae

/Fi·lo·vi·ri·dae/ (fi″lo-vir´ĭ-de) Marburg and Ebola viruses: a family of RNA viruses with enveloped filamentous virions and a negative-sense single-stranded RNA genome; the single genus is Filovirus.

Fi·lo·vi·ri·dae

(fī'lō-vī'ri-dē)
A family of filamentous, single-stranded, negative sense RNA viruses with an enveloped nucleocapsid.
[L. filum, thread, + virus]

Filoviridae

a family of viruses; very long, up to 970 nm × 80 nm, filamentous rods; sometimes more compact convoluted forms are recognized, which are enveloped and have a helical nucleocapsid and a single-strand RNA genome. The two viruses in the family, Marburg and Ebola, are endemic in certain African countries and produce highly fatal hemorrhagic fevers in humans, including laboratory workers handling infected monkeys, which are believed to be the reservoirs.
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Filoviridae. By permission from Fenner F, Gibbs EPJ, Horzinek MC, Studdert MJ, Murphy FA, Veterinary Virology, Academic Press, 1999
References in periodicals archive ?
Molecular evolution of viruses of the family Filoviridae based on 97 whole-genome sequences.
In 1976, EM of cell culture isolates identified the causative virus of an outbreak of hemorrhagic fever in Zaire as a member of the family Filoviridae, now known as Zaire ebolavirus (1-3).
The Ebola virus, a member of the Filoviridae family, is a strange-looking virion measuring 80 nm in diameter and 970 nm in length containing one molecule of linear RNA and at least five major proteins.
Ebola virus is a member of the family of RNA viruses known as Filoviridae.
The family Filoviridae contains 2 genera: Marburgvirus, which contains Marburg virus (MARV), and Ebolavirus, which contains 4 viruses: Zaire Ebola virus (ZEBOV), Sudan Ebola virus, Reston Ebola virus (REBOV), and Cote d'Ivoire Ebola virus, and 2 tentative species (Bundibugyo Ebola virus and Lloviu Ebola virus) (2,3).
There is no treatment for infection caused by Marburg virus, a member of the Filoviridae family of Hemorrhagic Fever Viruses (HFV).
MHF is caused by Marburg virus, which belongs to the family Filoviridae (2,3).
Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF) is a severe disease caused by several species of Ebolavirus (EBOV), in the family Filoviridae.