Fifth Plague of Egypt

An epidemic of ancient Egypt which exterminated the Egyptians’ livestock (horses, donkeys, camels, cattle, sheep and goats), but not that of the Israelites. It was described in the Old Testament, Exodus 9:3. Historians have proposed various causes of the fifth plague of Egypt (e.g., plague, Yersinia pestis; foot and mouth disease, picornavirus; rinderpest; anthrax; Rift Valley fever)
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Not since the fifth plague of Egypt, which may have been anthrax ("a very grievous murrain," Exodus 9), have people so panicked over the threat of this disease.