1997, Gupta and Misra, 2006), carbaryl (Kumar and Singh, 2006) fenvalerate
(Sing et al.
A metabolite of several commonly used pyrethroids (3PBA2), including permerhrin, cypermethrin, cyhalothrin, deltamethrin, and fenvalerate
, was detected in urine samples of 67% of NHANES pregnant women compared with 21% and 27% in the CHAMACOS first and second prenatal samples, respectively.
Reduction in protein levels in tissues of fish exposed to OPs, as indicated in the present study, is in conformity with observation made earlier on fish exposed to fenvalerate
(Reddy and Bashamohideen, 1988), malathion (Hassanein, 1991; Khattak and Hafeez, 1996), cypermethrin, permethrin and fenvalerate
(Singh and Agarwal, 1994), fenitrothion (Sancho et al.
Androgen receptor activities of p,p'-DDE, fenvalerate
and phoxim detected by androgen receptor reporter gene assay.
1993) reported the monocrotophos, cyhalothrin, dimethoate, fenvalerate
, cypermethrin and profenofos in the top 30 cm soil of Samudari, a cotton growing area.
In addition, allethrin, S-bioallethrin, permethrin, fenvalerate
, deltamethrin, and cypermethrin evoke alterations in motor-related end points in small rodents evident as early as 0.
1996) found fenvalerate
highly cost effective with a cost:benefit ratio of 1:10.
Pyrethroids (35 entries, including permethrin, cypermethrin, fenvalerate
, cyfluthrin, esfenvalerate, and bifenthrin)
In addition to causing mortality, pyrethroid (specifically Fenvalerate
and Lambda-Cyhalothrin), when applied at lower doses, can inhibit spiderling emergence from cocoons and delay web building activity (Dinter and Poehling, 1995).
Side-effects of formulations of permethrin and fenvalerate
insecticides on frost resistance and filed performance of Picea abies seedlings.
2004) and, along with fenvalerate
, has been classified as a potential carcinogen at high exposure levels (U.
When the pyrethroid insecticide fenvalerate
was given orally to rats, there was a pronounced, but not dose-related, inhibition of dopamine and its metabolites and decreased dopamine binding in several brain regions, including the corpus striatum (Husain et al.