female genital cutting

(redirected from Female genital manipulation)
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The disfigurement and/or removal of parts of the external female genitalia which is performed in many Central and West African countries and required for tribal identity; female ‘circumcision’ has deeply rooted cultural significance; male circumcision is a symbol of religious and ethnic identity, female circumcision is linked to a woman’s sexuality and her reproductive role in society

female genital cutting

Partial or complete surgical removal of the clitoris, a traditional practice in some African, Middle Eastern, and Southeast Asian cultures. The cutting usually is performed between the ages of 1 week and 14 years. The procedure is performed by nonmedical personnel without benefit of anesthesia or sterile conditions. The most common procedures are removal of the clitoral prepuce, excision of the clitoris, removal of the labia minora and sometimes most of the labia majora. The two sides may be sutured together to occlude the vagina. Possible immediate complications include infection, tetanus, shock, hemorrhage, and death. The possible long-term physical and mental disabilities include chronic pelvic infection, keloids, vulvar abscesses, sterility, incontinence, depression, anxiety, sexual dysfunction, and obstetric complications.
Synonym: female circumcision; female genital mutilation; infibulation (2).
References in periodicals archive ?
Senior Crown Prosecutor Mark Tedeschi said on Tuesday that the case would cover several significant legal issues, including what is covered by the term female genital manipulation which is listed in the country's Crimes Act.
In England and Wales, the UK Home Office is consulting nurses and other healthcare workers on the planned introduction of a compulsory reporting requirement for incidents of female genital manipulation after a review in 2013 found that current guidelines released in 2011 that provides safeguards for women and female children is hardly known by stakeholders.