feline leukemia virus

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Related to Feline leukaemia virus: Feline immunodeficiency virus, Feline leukemia

feline leukemia virus (FeLV),

five recognized subtypes; the most common infectious disease in domestic Felidae; another common slow virus disease of cats also in the Retroviridae family is feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV). Symptoms of FeLV may overlap with FIV, depending on potential complicating secondary processes (e.g., secondary bacterial invaders, neoplasia) or physiologic response to chronic slow virus infection (e.g., anemia). Virus shedding occurs in saliva, tears, and excrement. Viruses have poor environmental survival, so close cat contact is needed for agent transfer. Cogrooming and cat bites are common transmission routes. Clinical picture varies from progressive debilitation leading to death, to asymptomatic carriers (bone marrow sequestration). Affected cats may be anemic, icteric, have fading kittens, abortion, infertility, lymphadenopathy, polyuria and polydipsia, diarrhea, lethargy, and death. Vaccine licensed for use.

feline leukemia virus

n. Abbr. FeLV
A retrovirus that primarily affects cats, is transmitted through saliva, and causes immunosuppression, anemia, cancers such as leukemia and sarcomas, and other disorders.
A retrovirus of the Oncornavirinae family, which affects cats, resulting in lymphoreticular and myeloid neoplasms, anemias, immune dysfunctions, and an AIDS-like complex
References in periodicals archive ?
Ten years ago, we used to see cats on a weekly basis with Feline Leukaemia Virus (FeLV) but its incidence dropped dramatically.
Feline leukaemia virus LTR variation and disease association in a geographical and temporal cluster.
Feline leukaemia virus and feline immunodeficiency virus are far more common in un-neutered tomcats for this reason.
A THE feline leukaemia virus is transmitted through saliva, so if your neighbour's cat used to groom Twiggy it is possible she has it.
In cats it can happen spontaneously but it can also result from a viral infection called feline leukaemia virus.
Occasionally we see a household with several cats who have all contracted feline leukaemia virus.
The signs associated with feline leukaemia virus can be many and varied depending on the organs affected but often leukaemia positive cats lose weight, become weak, in-appetent and anaemic.
Feline leukaemia virus is entirely preventable through regular vaccination which can be given at the same time at the flu and enteritis vaccination.

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