Multiple comparative transcriptome approaches revealed a number of species-specific fatty acid desaturases (FAD2, FADX, FAH12 etc.
Previous investigations have confirmed that, desaturation of oleic acid (18C:1) to linoleic acid (18C:2) or linolenate acid (18C:3) is catalyzed by fatty acid desaturase 2 (FAD2) and FAD3, respectively (Sperling and Heinz,1993; Okuley et al.
Coilia nasus; D6 fatty acid desaturases, gene characterization, mRNA expression, lipid metabolism enzyme, artificial diets.
The Fads6 consists of the typical structure of D6 fatty acid desaturases that are identical to the D6-desaturase of Muraenesox cinereus and the Human D6-desaturase.
Further evidence supporting the involvement of the PM lipids in salt tolerance is that expression of genes coding for major membrane lipid biosynthetic enzymes and fatty acid desaturases demonstrate a possible relationship between the variations in membrane lipid composition and tolerance to stresses (Allakhverdiev et al.
The ability of several algae to tolerate high salinity has been shown to be due to increased fatty acid desaturases (Kumari et al.
Fatty acid desaturases
in human adipose tissue: relationships between gene expression, desaturation indexes and insulin resistance.
The use of cloned rapeseed genes for the cytoplasmic fatty acid desaturases
and the plastid acyl-ACP thioesterases to alter relative levels of polyunsaturated and saturated fatty acids in rapeseed oil.
The manipulation of fatty acid desaturases to achieve a desired fatty acid composition in soybean oil has a strong rationale.
Although seed fatty acid composition is controlled by quantitative genetic traits, current research also includes a strong focus on the contribution and manipulation of fatty acid desaturase genes.
Nuclear-encoded, chloroplast-targeted omega-three fatty acid desaturases
may also contribute to seed linolenic acid levels (Yadav et al.
Redesign of soluble fatty acid desaturases
from plants for altered substrate specificity and double bond position.