haemochromatosis

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haemochromatosis

he·mo·chro·ma·to·sis

(hē'mō-krō-mă-tō'sis)
A disorder of iron metabolism characterized by excessive absorption of ingested iron, saturation of iron-binding protein, and deposition of hemosiderin in tissue, particularly in the liver, pancreas, and skin; cirrhosis, diabetes mellitus (bronze diabetes), bronze pigmentation of the skin, and, eventually heart failure may occur; also can result from administration of large amounts of iron orally, by injection, or in forms of blood transfusion therapy.
Synonym(s): haemochromatosis.
[hemo- + G. chrōma, color, + -osis, condition]

haemochromatosis

A rare genetic disease featuring abnormal absorption and retention of iron. Total body iron may rise from the normal 4 or 5 g to as much as 60 g and the stored iron may cause CIRRHOSIS of the liver, DIABETES, IMPOTENCE, HEART FAILURE and bronzing of the skin. Treatment is by regular weekly bleeding until the levels of serum iron reach normal. The drug desferrioxamine is also useful.

he·mo·chro·ma·to·sis

(hē'mō-krō-mă-tō'sis) [MIM*235200]
Disorder of iron metabolism characterized by excessive absorption of ingested iron, saturation of iron-binding protein, and deposition of hemosiderin in tissue, particularly in the liver, pancreas, and skin; cirrhosis, diabetes (bronze diabetes), bronze pigmentation of the skin, and, eventually heart failure may occur; can also result from administration of large amounts of iron orally, by injection, or in forms of blood transfusion therapy.
Synonym(s): haemochromatosis.
[hemo- + G. chrōma, color, + -osis, condition]
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