falciparum malaria

(redirected from Falciparum)
Also found in: Encyclopedia.

fal·cip·a·rum ma·lar·i·a

malaria caused by Plasmodium falciparum and characterized by malarial paroxysms of severe form that typically occur every 48 hours with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal manifestations in severe cases, chiefly caused by the large number of red blood cells affected and the tendency for such infected red blood cells to become sticky and clump, thus blocking capillaries.
See also: malarial knobs.

falciparum malaria

[falsip′ərəm]
Etymology: L, falx, sickle, forma, form; It, mal, bad aria, air
the most severe form of malaria, caused by the protozoon Plasmodium falciparum. The condition is characterized by extremely grave systemic symptoms, mild jaundice, mental confusion, enlarged spleen and liver, increased respiratory rate, edema, GI symptoms, and anemia. The parasite replicates so rapidly in erythrocytes that cerebral vessels may be obstructed. Falciparum malaria episodes do not last as long as other forms of malaria; if treatment is begun promptly, the disease may be mild and the recovery uneventful. Relapses are uncommon, but death may result from dehydration and anemia. The usual treatment is chloroquine, but patients known to have contracted malaria in an area that harbors drug-resistant P. falciparum are often treated with a combination of quinine, pyrimethamine, and mefloquine. Compare quartan malaria, tertian malaria. See also algid malaria, blackwater fever, malaria.

fal·cip·a·rum ma·lar·i·a

(fal-sip'ă-rŭm mă-lar'ē-ă)
Disease caused by Plasmodium falciparum and characterized by intense malarial paroxysms that after synchronization occur every 48 hours with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal manifestations in severe cases, chiefly caused by the large number of red blood cells affected and the tendency for infected red blood cells to become sticky and then clump, thus blocking capillaries.
Synonym(s): malignant tertian malaria.

falciparum malaria

The most dangerous form of MALARIA caused by the parasite Plasmodium falciparum . There is severe breakdown of red blood cells, sometimes with so much release of HAEMOGLOBIN that it appears in the urine (BLACKWATER FEVER). Falciparum malaria also features blockage of small blood vessels by parasite and toxic effects on the linings. The consequent damage to organs, including the brain, is a major danger.
References in periodicals archive ?
In vivo sensitivity monitoring of mefloquine monotherapy and artesunate-mefloquine combinations for the treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria in Thailand in 2003.
It has likely been caused by a genetic mutation in the parasites, Plasmodium falciparum (P.
3 per cent due to Plasmodium falciparum and 2 per cent had evidence of mixed infection of Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum.
falciparum and its relatives hitch rides via mosquitoes to find a human home.
A limited number of stage-specific antigens of the Plasmodium falciparum vaccine candidates have been identified using novel molecular techniques [10].
falciparum and mixed infection, it is a valuable adjunct for rapid emergency diagnosis, especially in areas where no skilled microscopist is available.
falciparum is the most deadly form of the mosquito-transmitted parasitic organism, and responsible for nine out of 10 malaria deaths.
falciparum is the most dangerous form of malaria, responsible for 90 per cent of deaths from the disease.
falciparum poses a significant health hazard because not only P.