Faecalibacterium

Faecalibacterium

(fē″kă-lē-bak″tēr′ē-ŭm) [L. faex, sediment, dregs + bacterium]
A genus of gram-negative rod-shaped commensal bacteria that live in the gastrointestinal tract.
References in periodicals archive ?
In one study, for example, Slovenian vegans had a higher ratio of the bacterium Faecalibacterium prausnitzii in their guts (Matijasic et al.
For example, Faecalibacterium prausnitzii has recently been identified as an important gut bacterium that may be associated with Crohn's Disease.
The main dominant genera however changed after ginseng intake with Blautia, Bifidobacterium and Anaerostripes dominant prior to the intervention, whereas Bifidobacterium, Blautia and Faecalibacterium were most abundant after intervention.
We identified several decreased Firmicutes families following arsenic exposure, and a number of Firmicutes species, such as Eubacterium, Faecalibacterium, and Roseburia, are known to be butyrate producers (Tremaroli and Backhed 2012).
It was shown that the abundance of butyrate-producing Faecalibacterium prausnitzii species is negatively associated with biomarkers of inflammation before and after RYGB, indicating that this bacterial species may contribute to maintaining a healthy gut (48).
Faecalibacterium populations rose in the groups consuming both types of fiber.
Trials in mice have shown that injecting one such strain Faecalibacterium prausnitzii into the digestive tract is effective at restoring normal levels of gut bacteria and treating the symptoms of IBD.
Analysis of the participants' feces showed that Bifidobacterium, Clostridium lituseburense and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii populations decreased following the gluten free diet, while populations of Enterobacteriaceae and Escherichia coli increased.
Now a French team has highlighted the bug, Faecalibacterium prausnitzii, which they show secretes biochemicals that reduce inflammation.
It may be that IBD is triggered or aggravated by the lack of important immunomodulating organisms such as Faecalibacterium prauznitzii that FMT replaces.
In lane H, a new band 25 related to Faecalibacterium prausnitzii was found as compared to the other 4 groups.
Floch noted that the gut microbiota is abnormal in IBD, with reduced populations of Faecalibacterium prausnitzii and increased numbers of Escherichia coli.