foot-and-mouth disease virus

(redirected from FMD virus)

foot-and-mouth dis·ease vi·rus

a picornavirus of the genus Aphthovirus, family Picornaviridae, which causes foot-and-mouth disease of cattle, swine, sheep, goats, and wild ruminants; it has wide distribution throughout Africa and Asia, causing serious economic losses; the virus is spread by contamination of the animal environment with infected saliva and excreta.
Synonym(s): FMD virus
References in periodicals archive ?
An ARS microbiologist with a lifetime of experience studying FMD, Brown worked with APHIS' Juan Lubroth to pinpoint a protein in the FMD virus that's present in the virus' early days of self-reproduction, but not in the final virus particle.
Angus Collingwood-Cameron, Country Landowners' Association's North-East director, said: "The news of a possible FMD virus leak spread a ripple of panic through an incredulous livestock industry.
The objective of the EC project is to prevent the entry of the FMD virus from infected areas outside Europe, with a focus on neighbouring countries such as Iran, Iraq, Turkey, and the Caucasus region.
The four-week period will ensure that any FMD virus on the land will decay to a level which is unlikely to cause other animals to be infected.
According to the report, the FMD virus probably entered the UK from another country "via an illegallyimported contaminated food product.
Despite these measures Merial judged that the valve had been leaking, allowing an unintended probable release of live FMD virus into the contained drainage system, which was then pumped to the final chemical treatment facility without being heat treated," Mr Benn said.
We are trying to motivate US government officials to consider oral interferon as an economic alternative to the slaughter of livestock if FMD virus is introduced in the USA.
While initial investigations indicate that sheep carrying the FMD virus passed through some marts, it was meat brought into the country that was the prime cause.
The sheep industry problems have been caused by a leak of FMD virus from a Government-owned lab.
According to the NBA this means a thorough examination of whether it is right to continue to manufacture FMD virus on the Pirbright site - and if it is whether it is possible to do so without any risk of disastrous spillage.