References in periodicals archive ?
Most Arab and Islamic countries do not practise FGM, which is historically believed to be a Pharaonic-African custom.
Though Clinton's panel, consisting of members of UNICEF, community-based charity organisations and religious leaders, discussed various campaigns that have contributed to raising awareness about the practice in parts of Africa, they agreed that there has not been much focus on FGM in parts of the Middle East, where it is known to be widespread.
Fyttis said that Cyprus since 2003 has incorporated provisions in its Criminal Code that punish those who practice FGM to five years imprisonment, whether they are Cypriots or foreigners who did that outside Cyprus.
In most societies, FGM is considered a cultural tradition, which is often used as an argument for its continuation.
In some areas of Yemen such as Hodeidah, Hadramout, Aden and Sayoun, the rate of FGM practice is similar to Sudan and Egypt", said Al-Seraj.
She said: "This legislation is another step in recognising the seriousness and prevalence of FGM here in the UK.
Campaigner Leyla Hussein welcomed the introduction of the resources and said:This guidance will help health professionals better understand how to care for women and girls with FGM.
Through the National FGM Centre we have developed a national resource for professionals across England, combining expertise in social care, health, education, community engagement and youth work.
For more information and advice go to the NSPCC FGM helpline on 0800 028 3550 or email fgmhelp@nspcc.
Cardiff-based Bawso says it has engaged with 788 people inquiring about FGM in 2014-15 - up from 249 the year before.
They tend to focus primarily on (a) legal measures, including ensuring strong legislation and effective enforcement of legislation, (b) working with communities on FGM-abandonment through education and knowledge transfer, (c) equipping professionals with the education and resources they need to effectively intervene, (d) specialist health services for FGM survivors, and (e) the coordination of international efforts against FGM.
Figures released just last month have shown that a total of 317 cases of FGM were identified in the region between September 2014 and December 2014.
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