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Related to FEES: Fiberoptic Endoscopic Evaluation of Swallowing
service mark for fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing.
Abbreviation for fiberoptic endoscopic examination of swallowing.
fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing,
A bedside diagnostic test to evaluate dysphagia. In the procedure a small endoscope is advanced through the nasal passages to the back of the throat, where it can directly visualize the movement of foods through the esophagus (or, in cases of aspiration, into the larynx or lower airways). The test is esp. useful in debilitated or intensive care patients who may not be able to swallow barium in the radiology suite for videofluoroscopy.
veterinarians' charges rendered to clients for services. They include charges for such things as hospitalization, mileage, drugs supplied and materials and services used. These are quite separate from, and should be recorded so, the professional fees charged for examination, diagnosis, advice on prognosis and prevention and treatment including surgery and obstetrics.
Justifiable professional fees are based on the amount of time spent on the case, with a varying fee per hour depending on the difficulty and complexity of the problem, and on the specialist superiority of the veterinarian. Most veterinarians charge on a fee for service basis, including procedure-based fees for individual surgical procedures, but large animal practices sometimes arrange fees with individual clients on a contractual basis with agreement on an hourly fee or a fee per head per year.