Extrinsic Reward

Any tangible benefit of a particular job or activity, which is external to the job itself. Extrinsic rewards include vacations, promotion, friendships and contacts—networking opportunities—compensation, and supervision
References in periodicals archive ?
The finding that these men were not motivated by the extrinsic reward of career advancement seems at odds with reports in the nursing literature which hold that men rise rapidly into management positions and are overrepresented in such positions within nursing.
When the reward is external to the activity, for instance, numerous studies have found that "using an extrinsic reward to motivate someone to do something that the person would have done anyway could have detrimental effects on the quality and creativity of the person's performance and on the person's subsequent motivation to perform the activity once the extrinsic reward was received.
The increase in the extrinsic reward provided to the Tour players is experienced by the caddies through the larger pool of available winnings for each tournament.
Hypothesis 5: The importance of an extrinsic reward to the employee will positively moderate the relationship between extrinsic rewards for creativity and that employee's creative performance.
Petroulas, Brown & Sundin, (2010) also found that generation X and generation Y are keen on taking up challenging work assignments only when it is followed by immediate extrinsic reward.
Furthermore, because no extrinsic reward is provided either for completing the task, or failing to do so, the participants rely on internally derived motivation (i.
Pink cited examples of athletes using performance-enhancing drugs or business executives using unethical practices to increase profits because "the problem with making an extrinsic reward the only destination that matters is that some people will choose the quickest route there, even if it means taking the low road.
In one study demonstrating this effect, children who expected to be (and were) rewarded with a ribbon and a gold star for drawing pictures spent less time playing with the drawing materials in subsequent observations than children who were assigned to an unexpected reward condition and to children who received no extrinsic reward.
The experts were focused on the intrinsic reward of achieving a high level of competency and the intangible extrinsic reward of being recognized for doing well.
Biggs argued that extrinsically motivated learners tend to adopt a surface approach to learning and so we could certainly question the value of motivating students to participate in an online task by offering an extrinsic reward.
With regard to the first factor, extrinsic reward will undermine intrinsic motivation only if the individual expects to receive the reward contingent on performing the tasks (Cameron & Pierce, 1994).
That is, given a constant and a high value of an extrinsic reward (providing high extrinsic motivation), to what extent would an individual's intrinsic motivation determine his choice?