extremophile

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extremophile

(ĭk-strē′mə-fīl′)
n.
Any of various organisms that require extreme conditions of temperature, pressure, or chemical concentration, as in very cold or salty environments, in order to thrive.

extremophile

(ĕks-trēm′ŏ-fīl) [L. extremus, outermost, + Gr. philein, to love]
An organism that can thrive in exceptionally adverse environments, such as in very cold or very hot, halogenated, or salty conditions.

extremophile

a MICROORGANISM that can grow under severe or extreme environmental conditions; for example, very high temperature, high NaCl concentration, very low pH. Often they are members of the ARCHAEA.
References in periodicals archive ?
Who's to say that the creatures we call extremophiles love the extreme or merely that they've found a way to make a home there in the dark?
A new project called 1,000 Springs is being taken up by the University of Waikato and GNS Science, New Zealand's Science Organization, that is going to look for extremophiles in the southern hemisphere by searching for 1,000 untouched hot springs in North Island in New Zealand.
Brown's interest came after researching extremophiles, which are microbes that live in extreme environments, for an art project.
Such extremophiles contain reaction-driving proteins called enzymes unlike any found in less harrowing environs.
The actinidic magnetotactic nanoarchaea and its secreted PAH organisms are extremophiles and survive in the interstellar space and can contribute to the interstellar grains and magnetic fields which play a role in the formation of the galaxies and star systems [37].
Although people don't find Yellowstone's hot springs comfy, extremophiles (microorganisms that thrive in extreme conditions) do.
The possibility that life similar to current methanogens and extremophiles may have existed or still exist on Mars and in the subsurface ocean of Europa can be discussed.
Halophiles are group of extremophiles that can not only grow in saline conditions but requires salinity for their growth.
Whitty travels the globe, from the frigid waters of Newfoundland, watching icebergs float south to melt, in 1984, to the Galapagos, where she films whales in 1987, then to the Hydrate Ridge, 50 miles off Oregon's coast, to look for extremophiles, in 2006.
Ectoines are molecules synthesized by many organisms that fall into the biological category, of extremophiles.
Because of the pyrite auto-oxidation, fresh coal mine spoil is associated with high temperature, acid production and devoid of available organic nutrients, and expected to be inhabited by the extremophiles such as thermo-tolerant heterotrophs (Norris et al.
Peer-reviewed papers from a September 2009 conference report on recent work in biohydrometallurgy, the field of microbial ecology which addresses questions concerning not only the diversity and behavior of micro-organisms in commercial operations, but also possible applications of extremophiles coming from very different environments.