There have been fewer reported cases of extraperitoneal allograft torsion compared to intraperitoneal placement, likely due to a protective mechanism from decreased mobility in the extraperitoneal space
Phillips and McKernan described the totally extraperitoneal (TEP) technique of endoscopic hernioplasty where the peritoneal cavity is not breached and the entire dissection is performed bluntly in the extraperitoneal space
with a balloon device or the tip of the laparoscope itself.
from an interior view rather than the exterior approach as is taught in medical school and surgical training; (2) it is more difficult to operate in a confined extraperitoneal space
than it is in the abdomen or thorax; and (3) regular practice is needed for endoscopic techniques of mesh placement and fixation.
It is located in the extraperitoneal space
of Retzius, which is bounded by the parietal peritoneum posteriorly and the tranversalis fascia anteriorly.
We postulate that insufflation of the extraperitoneal space
caused bleeding which tracked down through the femoral canal, opening it up and allowing herniation of pre-peritoneal fat.
The peritoneal lining of the abdominal cavity covering the inguinal region is then incised in order to gain access to the extraperitoneal space
One week after the 2004 ICD was placed in the extraperitoneal space
of the man's abdomen, he developed a wound dehiscence near the center of the incision site.
MECHANICAL INSTRUMENTS: Blunt trocar (10 mm) was required for open access to the extraperitoneal space
and was used for introduction of the telescope.
In the first few weeks after transplantation, perinephric fluid collections may be seen, usually in the extraperitoneal space
MR imaging of soft-tissue masses of the extraperitoneal spaces
CTE can assess for the presence of penetrating disease, detecting sinus or fistula tracts extending from the diseased segment that are commonly characterized by bowel tethering and visualization of linear tracts that may communicate with adjacent structures, such as bowel or extraperitoneal spaces
(most commonly entero-enteric, entero-colic, entero-cutaneous) (Figures 8 and 9).