The open types of repair include Bassini and modified Bassini repairs; modified Shouldice, an approximation of the external oblique
; Meyers' "pelvic floor repair" with or without adductor longus release (9), an approximation of the external oblique
with ablation of the ilioinguinal nerve; modified Lichtenstein, an approximation of the external oblique
with Lichtenstein; and modified Bassini with mesh.
The dependent variables analyzed were the mean and mean peak EMG levels of the external oblique
The one study investigating internal oblique and external oblique
found no significant difference in activation in patients with low back pain compared with asymptomatic controls (Ferreira et al 2004).
This rapidly enlarging tumour was detected in the region betwen the external oblique
fascia and the abdominal subcutaneous layer, distal to the external inguinal ring (Figure 4).
Peak Muscle activity Rectus abdominus External Oblique
Average Normalized Average Normalized Scissors Mean 0.
Given that the abdominal musculature (rectus abdominis, transversus abdominis, and the internal oblique and external oblique
muscles) is disrupted during Caesarean section, it would be reasonable to hypothesise that motor activation patterns and postpartum abdominal strength would be altered (at least transiently) following this procedure in all muscles.
The torso-twist movement places emphasis on strengthening the internal and external oblique
In anterior abdominal wall interstitial hernias, the sac insinuates between either the external oblique
and internal oblique muscles or the internal oblique and transversus abdominus muscles.
EMGmax), was 18-25% for rectus abdominis (RA), 27-34% for external oblique
(EO), and 52-65% for internal oblique (IO) muscles.
Both small and large bowel had herniated through the abdominal wall lateral to rectus abdominis, but remained covered by external oblique
The intervention group had this standard postoperative care followed by wound probing in which dry, sterile, cotton-tip applicators were used to penetrate the skin and soft tissue between the staples, reaching down to the external oblique
We also simplified the internal and external obliques
into one line of action by computing the average direction of the segments in the Stokes and Gardner-Morse study  (weighted by PCSA) and comparing the lines of action in the coronal and sagittal planes visually with our model.