external jugular vein

(redirected from External jugular veins)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Related to External jugular veins: vena jugularis

ex·ter·nal jug·u·lar vein

[TA]
superficial vein formed inferior to the parotid gland by the junction of the posterior auricular vein and the retromandibular vein, and passing down the side of the neck crossing to the sternocleidomastoid muscle vertically to empty into the subclavian vein.
Synonym(s): vena jugularis externa [TA]

external jugular vein

the more superficial and lateral of a pair of large vessels on each side of the neck that receive most of the blood from the exterior of the cranium and the deep tissues of the face. Compare internal jugular vein.
Enlarge picture
Enlarge picture

external jugular vein

A vein that drains blood from the scalp and face; it arises from the merger of the posterior facial and posterior auricular veins behind the angle of the mandible. The external jugular vein runs superficially down the neck, crossing the sternocleidomastoid muscle, to drain into the subclavian vein. Tributaries of the external jugular vein include the posterior external jugular, transverse cervical, suprascapular, and anterior jugular veins.
See: illustrationand for illus.
See also: vein
References in periodicals archive ?
The external jugular vein may be absent or smaller than usual and if so the anterior or internal jugular vein is enlarged (2).
Cornelius Rosse and Penelope Gaddum-Rosse (8) have mentioned that a smaller superficial external jugular vein usually connects with the upper part of the internal jugular vein.
Skandalakis (9) has mentioned that in its course, the external jugular vein communicates with the internal jugular vein and receives a number of tributaries in the neck.
Further, the developing external jugular vein makes two connections, anterior and posterior with the facial vein and with the retromandibular vein respectively.
Neville (15), in the case of internal jugular vein ligation during radical neck dissection, collateral drainage develops through oblique jugular vein from facial vein into the external jugular vein.

Full browser ?