expert witness

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expert witness

[ikspurt′, ek′spərt]
Etymology: L, experiri, to try; AS, witnes, knowledge
a person who has special knowledge of a subject about which a court requests testimony. Special knowledge may be acquired by experience, education, observation, or study but is not possessed by the average person. An expert witness provides testimony or informed opinions on evidence. This evidence often serves to educate the court and the jury in the subject under consideration.
A person qualified by education, training, experience, occupation, present position, degrees held, publications and professional organization membership that establishes authority as an expert to give opinions

expert witness

Forensic medicine A person qualified by education, training, experience, occupation, present position, degrees held, publications and professional organization membership that establishes authority as an expert to give opinions; EWs are permitted to offer opinions in court related to their area of expertise which would not be permitted a witness without such status. See Expert. Cf Hired gun, Whore.

ex·pert wit·ness

(eks'pĕrt wit'nĕs)
In health care, someone with special training who testifies for the defense or prosecution in a court case to clarify esoteric points for the jury or judge.

expert witness,

n a person sufficiently trained in a given area of expertise who can give testimony relevant to a case in court.

ex·pert wit·ness

(eks'pĕrt wit'nĕs)
In health care, someone with special training who testifies for the defense or prosecution in court.
References in periodicals archive ?
o Warnings - whether expert testimony is required is jurisdiction dependent
107) Interpretation of the Federal Rules of Evidence standard for expert testimony was altered again in 1993 when the Supreme Court heard Daubert v.
ACA finds it remarkable and noted in its amicus that the Fifth Circuit ruling in Accenture departs so dramatically from these clear legal requirements and from the several other circuits, such as the Second, Third, and Sixth, which have faithfully applied the Supreme Court's rulings in analyzing the factual foundation of expert testimony.
Going forward In the long term, this will inevitably increase the price of expert testimony - the fact that expert witnesses bear increasing exposure in terms of personal embarrassment during testimony, combined with potential professional negligence claims and the burden of trial preparation, will drive up standards and cause weaker firms to leave the market.
In addition to assessing the effect on mock jurors' verdicts of eyewitness arousal level and participants' belief, it also compares mock jurors' perceptions of an eyewitness and an expert witness as a function of expert testimony about the effect of arousal on memory.
The Supreme Judicial Court reversed the lower court decisions, finding that expert testimony is not required as long as the breath test is conducted within a "reasonable" period of time after the driver last drove
The exact standard for the admission of expert testimony remains uncertain, and because evidentiary decisions under Daubert are reviewed only for abuse of discretion, courts have had little opportunity to reconsider or redefine the standard of admissibility.
The court held, inter alia, that the trial judge correctly concluded that the plaintiff was required to present expert testimony as to the standard of care in credentialing and recredentialing as well as testimony that the hospital, in fact, breached the applicable standard of care.
The authors state their purpose clearly: "[W] hat proffered expert testimony should be accepted or rejected by the courts?
7) Such expert testimony should be used for the limited purpose of providing a context to evaluate the credibility of a witness.
Michael Hoffman from taking the stand after lawyers for the drug maker said his testimony would be subjective, potentially confusing for jurors and violate court rules that limit expert testimony to scientific and technical topics.

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