Exophiala


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Exophiala

(ek'sō-fī'ă-lă),
A genus of pathogenic fungi having dematiaceous conidiophores with one- or two-celled annelloconidia. They cause mycetoma or phaeohyphomycosis; in cases of mycetoma, black granules develop in subcutaneous abscesses; in cases of phaeohyphomycosis, hyaline or brownish hyphae are found in tissues.
[exo + G. phialē, a broad flat vessel]

Exophiala

/Exo·phi·a·la/ (-fi´ah-lah) a genus of saprobic fungi; E. wernec´kii is now called Hortaea werneckii.

Exophiala

[ek′sofī′ə·lə]
a widespread genus of saprobic Fungi Imperfecti. E. jeanselmei is commonly found in soil and sewage and causes mycetoma and opportunistic infections in humans. Hortae werneckii (formerly classified as E. werneckii) is the cause of tinea nigra. Because it is so variable, some authorities have proposed dividing it into more than one species. Infection usually results from traumatic implantation and is associated with local or systemic immunosuppression.

Exophiala

A genus of imperfect fungus with no known sexual state. Colonies are initially yeast-like, moist, and brownish to greenish black. The texture becomes velvety due to short, aerial hyphae. The front colour is olive-black; the reverse is black in mature colonies. Exophiala may cause mycetoma and chromoblastomycosis after traumatic subcutaneous inoculation in a background of local or systemic immunosuppression, such as organ transplantation. Other sources of infection include prosthetic valve vegetations, fungemia and systemic infection.

Ex·o·phi·a·la

(eks'ō-fī-ā'la)
A genus of pathogenic fungi having dematiaceous conidiophores. They cause mycetoma or phaeohyphomycosis; in cases of mycetoma, black granules develop in subcutaneous abscesses; in cases of phaeohyphomycosis, sclerotic bodies are found in tissues.
[exo + G. phialē, a broad flat vessel]

Exophiala

a genus of dematiaceous fungi that cause mycetomas and pheohyphomycosis including cutaneous and systemic lesions, in fish and captive frogs and toads. Includes E. pisciphilia, E. salmonis.
References in periodicals archive ?
agent 9 Exophiala Ketoconazole Cured jeanselmei and surgical curettage 10 Agent not Ketoconazole Not known identified 11 Candida Amphotericin Died albicans B + Fluconazole 12 Madurella Voriconazole Relapsed mycetomatis + surgical after six debridement months and refused for further treatment
Exophiala spinifera and Chaetomium funicola are also included.
To test this hypothesis, Exophiala pisciphila GM25, was isolated from the roots of sorghum, and used for inoculum.
These genera included Alternaria, Aspergillus, Candida, Chrysosporium, Cryptococcus, Exophiala, Fusarium, Histoplasma, Penicillium, Saccharomyces, Scopulariopsis and Trichophyton.
Progress 15(10-11): 1179-1201 (SisM, Cladophialophora, Cyphellophora, Exophiala, Rhinocladiella, Esp).
pedrosoi, Phialophora verrucosa, Cladophialophora carrionii and Rhinocladiella aquaspersa and occasionally by Exophiala spinifera, Aureobasidium pullulans and Chaetomium funicula.
On May 24, 2016, the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene notified CDC of two cases of Exophiala dermatitidis bloodstream infections among patients with malignancies who had received care from a single physician at an outpatient oncology facility (clinic A).
For example, the 2002 outbreak of fungal meningitis was caused by injected steroids contaminated with Exophiala dermatitidis, and the 2012-2015 outbreak of fungal meningitis and other infections resulted from methylprednisolone contaminated by Exserohilum rostratum (3,23).
Occurrence of fungal spores of different genera in tape lift samples Find % of occurrence Chaetomium 2 Cladorrhinum 2 Cladosporium 13 Echinobotryum 2 Epicoccum 2 Exophiala 3 Phoma 10 Ulocladium 3 Unidentified spores 10 Unidentified mycelium 3 No spores (soot, dust) 50 Total 100 Fig.
Micosis no inflamatorias que producen lesiones sin respuesta inmunitaria, ni inflamatoria y que incluyen diferentes trastornos como la pitiriasis versicolor y otras pitirosporosis, causadas por Pityrosporum ovale (sinonimo Malassezia furfur), la tina negra palmar (Cladosporium = Exophiala werneckii), la piedra negra (Piedraia hortae) y la piedra blanca (Trichosporon beigelii).
parapsilosis, Cryptococcus albidus, Exophiala Jeanselmei, Lecythophara multabilis and S.
It has been observed that in the industrial environment where a lot of pigeons, sparrows and other birds fly most often thrush fungi are detected: Candida albicans (M-1; R-21; I-32%); Rhodotorula rubra (M-6; R 10; I-23%); Exophiala jeanselmei (M-2; R-6; I 17%), Asperlillus fumigatus (M-6; R-13; I-49%) and Eurotium repens (M-3; R-11; I-23%).