exercise physiology(redirected from Exercise science)
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The study of the body's metabolic response to short-term and long-term physical activity.
ex·er·cise phys·i·ol·o·gy(eks'ĕr-sīz fiz'ē-ol'ŏ-jē)
Body of knowledge concerning physiologic, metabolic, and structural responses to short-term and long-term physical activity.
performance of physical exertion to obtain food or to achieve normal functions such as reproduction, for pleasure and for improvement of health or correction of physical deformity.
motion imparted to a part by voluntary contraction and relaxation of its controlling muscles.
repeated exercise to condition an animal for a better performance at another time depends on an improvement in cardiovascular responses, splenic contraction and muscle, ligament and tendon responses.
poor exercise tolerance.
manifested by a disinclination to move quickly in the absence of any apparent physical lameness or incoordination and respiratory distress on exercise.
motion imparted to a segment of the body by a therapist, machine or other outside force.
includes the integrated physiological responses to exercise plus physical conditioning by training.
a technique for evaluating circulatory response to physical stress; called also stress testing. The procedure involves continuous electrocardiographic monitoring during physical exercise, the objective being to increase the intensity of physical exertion until a target heart rate is reached or signs of cardiac ischemia appear.
the scientific use of bodily movement to restore normal function in diseased or injured tissues or to maintain a state of well-being. Called also corrective exercise.
one of the ways to measure cardiac and circulatory system efficiency is to measure the response of the cardiac and respiratory systems to graded exercise. In most animals such tests must be subjective because no data are available on normal responses. In horses tests are available for assessment of cardiopulmonary disease and as a measure of fitness.