exercise physiology

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exercise physiology

The study of the body's metabolic response to short-term and long-term physical activity.

ex·er·cise phys·i·ol·o·gy

(eks'ĕr-sīz fiz'ē-ol'ŏ-jē)
Body of knowledge concerning physiologic, metabolic, and structural responses to short-term and long-term physical activity.


performance of physical exertion to obtain food or to achieve normal functions such as reproduction, for pleasure and for improvement of health or correction of physical deformity.

active exercise
motion imparted to a part by voluntary contraction and relaxation of its controlling muscles.
exercise conditioning
repeated exercise to condition an animal for a better performance at another time depends on an improvement in cardiovascular responses, splenic contraction and muscle, ligament and tendon responses.
corrective exercise
therapeutic exercise.
exercise fatigue
poor exercise tolerance.
exercise intolerance
manifested by a disinclination to move quickly in the absence of any apparent physical lameness or incoordination and respiratory distress on exercise.
passive exercise
motion imparted to a segment of the body by a therapist, machine or other outside force.
exercise physiology
includes the integrated physiological responses to exercise plus physical conditioning by training.
exercise testing
a technique for evaluating circulatory response to physical stress; called also stress testing. The procedure involves continuous electrocardiographic monitoring during physical exercise, the objective being to increase the intensity of physical exertion until a target heart rate is reached or signs of cardiac ischemia appear.
therapeutic exercise
the scientific use of bodily movement to restore normal function in diseased or injured tissues or to maintain a state of well-being. Called also corrective exercise.
exercise tolerance
one of the ways to measure cardiac and circulatory system efficiency is to measure the response of the cardiac and respiratory systems to graded exercise. In most animals such tests must be subjective because no data are available on normal responses. In horses tests are available for assessment of cardiopulmonary disease and as a measure of fitness.
References in periodicals archive ?
6) summarized the knowledge, skills, and abilities that clinical exercise physiologists should have in the United States, but there was no assessment or survey done to document what is actually occurring in practice.
But exercise physiologists warned against concluding that stretching provided no benefit to runners and recreational athletes.
Exercise physiologists now unanimously agree the Light-Load/High-Speed training (now referred to as "Low-Load/Velocity-Specific" training) produces the most transferable benefits to sports-field performance.
Exercise physiologists stay alert for patient difficulties and are prepared to handle emergencies.
Such programs, offered through local hospitals, YMCAs or city recreation departments, are directed by exercise physiologists or therapists with clinical training in restorative exercise management.
Exercise physiologists use several terms for the different ways you use muscles.
Cross-training among respiratory therapists, nurses, exercise physiologists, and cardiopulmonary technicians facilitates optimal utilization of staff, equipment, and space.
Heyward and Gibson present this non-clinical set of guidelines for exercise physiologists, students, and personal trainers on exercise prescription and fitness evaluation.
It is assumed that exercise physiologists understand the importance of professionalism, but prefer to put their energy elsewhere.
The book's numerous scientific references, as well as empirical evidence and case studies from different sports, will be of interest to exercise physiologists, physical therapists, and others who provide medical care for athletes.
Exercise physiologists have a vital role at the center of a football team in monitoring and increasing the physiological capacity or fitness levels of the players through various methods.

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