exercise physiology

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exercise physiology

The study of the body's metabolic response to short-term and long-term physical activity.

ex·er·cise phys·i·ol·o·gy

(eks'ĕr-sīz fiz'ē-ol'ŏ-jē)
Body of knowledge concerning physiologic, metabolic, and structural responses to short-term and long-term physical activity.


performance of physical exertion to obtain food or to achieve normal functions such as reproduction, for pleasure and for improvement of health or correction of physical deformity.

active exercise
motion imparted to a part by voluntary contraction and relaxation of its controlling muscles.
exercise conditioning
repeated exercise to condition an animal for a better performance at another time depends on an improvement in cardiovascular responses, splenic contraction and muscle, ligament and tendon responses.
corrective exercise
therapeutic exercise.
exercise fatigue
poor exercise tolerance.
exercise intolerance
manifested by a disinclination to move quickly in the absence of any apparent physical lameness or incoordination and respiratory distress on exercise.
passive exercise
motion imparted to a segment of the body by a therapist, machine or other outside force.
exercise physiology
includes the integrated physiological responses to exercise plus physical conditioning by training.
exercise testing
a technique for evaluating circulatory response to physical stress; called also stress testing. The procedure involves continuous electrocardiographic monitoring during physical exercise, the objective being to increase the intensity of physical exertion until a target heart rate is reached or signs of cardiac ischemia appear.
therapeutic exercise
the scientific use of bodily movement to restore normal function in diseased or injured tissues or to maintain a state of well-being. Called also corrective exercise.
exercise tolerance
one of the ways to measure cardiac and circulatory system efficiency is to measure the response of the cardiac and respiratory systems to graded exercise. In most animals such tests must be subjective because no data are available on normal responses. In horses tests are available for assessment of cardiopulmonary disease and as a measure of fitness.
References in periodicals archive ?
Both groups got injured at the same rate, said Mark Bracko, an exercise physiologist and director of the Institute for Hockey Research in Calgary, Canada.
Like many exercise physiologists, Megan takes her skills outside the hospital and into the community several times each month.
Exercise physiologists have a vital role at the center of a football team in monitoring and increasing the physiological capacity or fitness levels of the players through various methods.
Exercise scientist Scott provides a foundation in the three areas for graduate and upper undergraduate students in his field but also research and practicing exercise physiologists, registered dietitians and nutrionalists, and other professionals.
A vast majority of our exercise physiologists and pediatricians recommend some form of resistance training for medically fit adolescents.
Exercise physiologists at the University of Wales, Bangor, have for the first time proven a strong link between children's bone density and the number of steps or movements taken per day.
The center is staffed by nurses, dietitians, health educators, exercise physiologists and other health professionals.
Traditionally, exercise physiologists have thought the limiting factor in respiration was at the cellular level where oxygen is transferred to the blood.
Some exercise physiologists, including Bud Getchell, a professor of kinesiology at Indiana University in Bloomington, set out to disprove that study.
Designed and managed by CXphys Cincinnati Exercise Physiologists, Training with Friends encourages anyone interested in physical activity, regardless of fitness level, to participate in proven and well-rounded workouts.
Having worked with the national team of Egypt seven years ago, I was surprised to find during this last trip that there are still no exercise physiologists within Egyptian football.
With discussion of 23 conditions that clinical exercise physiologists routinely encounter in their work, the text provides students and professionals with fundamental knowledge of disease-specific pathology and treatment guidelines, while also guiding readers through the physical exercise physiology associated with exercise testing and training of patients with chronic diseases.

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