exercise physiology

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exercise physiology

The study of the body's metabolic response to short-term and long-term physical activity.

ex·er·cise phys·i·ol·o·gy

(eks'ĕr-sīz fiz'ē-ol'ŏ-jē)
Body of knowledge concerning physiologic, metabolic, and structural responses to short-term and long-term physical activity.


performance of physical exertion to obtain food or to achieve normal functions such as reproduction, for pleasure and for improvement of health or correction of physical deformity.

active exercise
motion imparted to a part by voluntary contraction and relaxation of its controlling muscles.
exercise conditioning
repeated exercise to condition an animal for a better performance at another time depends on an improvement in cardiovascular responses, splenic contraction and muscle, ligament and tendon responses.
corrective exercise
therapeutic exercise.
exercise fatigue
poor exercise tolerance.
exercise intolerance
manifested by a disinclination to move quickly in the absence of any apparent physical lameness or incoordination and respiratory distress on exercise.
passive exercise
motion imparted to a segment of the body by a therapist, machine or other outside force.
exercise physiology
includes the integrated physiological responses to exercise plus physical conditioning by training.
exercise testing
a technique for evaluating circulatory response to physical stress; called also stress testing. The procedure involves continuous electrocardiographic monitoring during physical exercise, the objective being to increase the intensity of physical exertion until a target heart rate is reached or signs of cardiac ischemia appear.
therapeutic exercise
the scientific use of bodily movement to restore normal function in diseased or injured tissues or to maintain a state of well-being. Called also corrective exercise.
exercise tolerance
one of the ways to measure cardiac and circulatory system efficiency is to measure the response of the cardiac and respiratory systems to graded exercise. In most animals such tests must be subjective because no data are available on normal responses. In horses tests are available for assessment of cardiopulmonary disease and as a measure of fitness.
References in periodicals archive ?
For his book Big Fat Lies, University of Virginia exercise physiologist Glenn Gaesser examined a wide spectrum of mainstream research.
We asked our faculty exercise physiologist Kay Mikesky for an answer.
Andy visits the fitness center at least 3 days a week and religiously performs the exercises recommended by the exercise physiologist.
As a clinical exercise physiologist at the Kosciusko Community Hospital in Warsaw, Indiana, she uses physical activity to treat people with illnesses.
If you work with a computer, you are likely to sit in one position for long periods of time, which tends to shorten your muscles," explains Peter Snell, assistant professor of internal medicine and an exercise physiologist at University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas.
Forgo's studies were not well-controlled," says exercise physiologist Melvin Williams of Old Dominion University in Norfolk, Virginia.
But Atherton and Thorpe, both of whom were troubled with recurrences of back injuries during England's unsuccessful Ashes campaign this winter, have emerged unscathed from intensive assessments at Lilleshall under the supervision of fitness consultant Dean Riddle, exercise physiologist Nigel Stockhill and physiotherapist Wayne Morton.
Michael Pollock, an exercise physiologist at the University of Florida, put 40 adults through a 14-week strength-training program for the knee muscles.
A nurse, exercise physiologist or other health professional should coordinate the personal goal-setting process, which should balance employees' schedules, work/family demands and personal preferences.
We've found that lumbar bone mineral content increased significantly after just nine months of weight-bearing exercise," says Dalsky, an exercise physiologist.
announces the addition of Jennifer Conley, who holds degrees as a registered nurse, registered dietitian, and an exercise physiologist, to lead the firm's Comprehensive Wellness risk management practice.
Nobbs and exercise physiologist David John have just gone home for a little break.