evidence-based medicine

(redirected from Evidence-based healthcare)

evidence-based medicine

process and use of relevant information from peer-reviewed clinical and epidemiologic research to address a specific clinical issue, and thereby weighing the attendant risks and benefits of diagnostic tests and therapeutic measures; literature to address a specific clinical problem; the application of simple rules of science and common sense to determine the validity of the information; and the application of the information to the clinical problem.
See also: Cochrane collaboration, clinical practice guidelines.

evidence-based medicine

the practice of medicine in which the physician finds, assesses, and implements methods of diagnosis and treatment on the basis of the best available current research, the physician's clinical expertise, and the needs and preferences of the patient.

evidence-based medicine

(1) The application of the best-available (i.e., most reliable) evidence gained from the scientific method to guide clinical decision-making. The most rigourous evidence comes from meta-analysis of multiple double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trials.

(2) The use of scientific data to confirm that proposed diagnostic or therapeutic procedures are appropriate in light of their high probability of producing the best and most favourable outcome.
 
The European Society of Cardiology uses a 3-level scale for rating the level of evidence available for a given treatment.

European Society of Cardiology Levels of Evidence of clinical trials
(A) Data derived from multiple randomised clinical trials or meta-analyses.
(B) Data derived from a single randomised clinical trial or large non-randomised studies.
(C) Consensus of opinion of the experts and/or small studies, retrospective studies, registries.

evidence-based medicine

Decision-making 'The use of scientific data to confirm that proposed diagnostic or therapeutic procedures are appropriate in light of their high probability of producing the best and most favorable outcome'. See Meta-analysis.

ev·i·dence-based med·i·cine

(ev'i-dĕns-bāst med'i-sin)
The process of applying relevant information derived from peer-reviewed medical literature to address a specific clinical problem; the application of simple rules of science and common sense to determine the validity of the information; and the application of the information to the clinical problem.
See also: Cochrane collaboration, clinical practice guidelines

evidence-based medicine

The use of methods of medical treatment and clinical decision-making which have been rigorously tested by properly controlled research. The latter must also be exposed to peer review, publication in respected journals and free criticism before its conclusions can be adopted as a basis for practice. A journal called Evidence-Based Medicine is published jointly by the British Medical Association and the American College of Physicians.

ev·i·dence-based med·i·cine

(ev'i-dĕns-bāst med'i-sin)
Process and use of relevant information from peer-reviewed clinical and epidemiologic research to address a specific clinical issue, and thereby weighing the attendant risks and benefits of diagnostic tests and therapeutic measures; literature to address a specific clinical problem; application of simple rules of science and common sense to determine validity of information.
References in periodicals archive ?
International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare, 14(1), 15-23.
Compiling surveys of the public and physicians, case studies and political science models, the authors show how evidence-based healthcare is mistrusted, misrepresented or excluded from conversation entirely at nearly every level of the American consciousness.
Elsevier will provide Bellin Health with peer-reviewed, evidence-based healthcare information to better connect with patients, fuel more specific questions and achieve improved outcomes.
6m funding award by the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI), which funds research that will provide evidence-based healthcare information.
Min Jung Ko, PhD, of the National Evidence-Based Healthcare Collaborating Agency in Seoul, Korea, and coauthors explored the relative impacts of SPRINT target of less than 120 mm Hg for hypertension treatments with the 2014 hypertension recommendations of the Eighth Joint National Committee of less than 140 mm Hg, using data from 13,346 individuals in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey of 2008-2013, and 67,965 individuals in the Korean National Health Insurance Service health examinee cohort of 2007.
The Institute was created to introduce the latest innovations and evidence-based healthcare solutions.
There appears here to be an attachment to an evidence-based healthcare (EBHC) agenda --as indeed CLARHCs are mandated to pursue--that may be rather narrow in current policy terms (6) which now emphasises the more rapid diffusion of value creating innovations and wealth enhancement.
Evidence-Based Healthcare and Public Health 2005; 9(6): 405-9.
1] This is not because the principle of using rigorous relevant evidence to inform healthcare decisions is in doubt, but rather that the ethos of evidence-based healthcare (EBHC) is being misrepresented or subverted by groups with vested interests, such as the pharmaceutical industry.
Victor Montori, another leader in the evidence-based healthcare movement, gave a clear assessment of the role of research when he stated that, "The better the research, the more confident the decision," but he also stated that "Evidence alone is never sufficient to make a clinical decision.
As part of its regulatory approval, the Spartan RX CYP2C19 System received a favourable new Health Technology Assessment (nHTA) by the National Evidence-based healthcare Collaborating Agency (NECA).
KUWAIT, Oct 19 (KUNA) -- The First Gulf Cooperation Council Conference on Evidence-Based Healthcare Professional Development began on Sunday aiming to upgrade current practice or correct malpractice.

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