evidence-based medicine

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evidence-based medicine

process and use of relevant information from peer-reviewed clinical and epidemiologic research to address a specific clinical issue, and thereby weighing the attendant risks and benefits of diagnostic tests and therapeutic measures; literature to address a specific clinical problem; the application of simple rules of science and common sense to determine the validity of the information; and the application of the information to the clinical problem.
See also: Cochrane collaboration, clinical practice guidelines.

evidence-based medicine

the practice of medicine in which the physician finds, assesses, and implements methods of diagnosis and treatment on the basis of the best available current research, the physician's clinical expertise, and the needs and preferences of the patient.

evidence-based medicine

(1) The application of the best-available (i.e., most reliable) evidence gained from the scientific method to guide clinical decision-making. The most rigourous evidence comes from meta-analysis of multiple double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trials.

(2) The use of scientific data to confirm that proposed diagnostic or therapeutic procedures are appropriate in light of their high probability of producing the best and most favourable outcome.
 
The European Society of Cardiology uses a 3-level scale for rating the level of evidence available for a given treatment.

European Society of Cardiology Levels of Evidence of clinical trials
(A) Data derived from multiple randomised clinical trials or meta-analyses.
(B) Data derived from a single randomised clinical trial or large non-randomised studies.
(C) Consensus of opinion of the experts and/or small studies, retrospective studies, registries.

evidence-based medicine

Decision-making 'The use of scientific data to confirm that proposed diagnostic or therapeutic procedures are appropriate in light of their high probability of producing the best and most favorable outcome'. See Meta-analysis.

ev·i·dence-based med·i·cine

(ev'i-dĕns-bāst med'i-sin)
The process of applying relevant information derived from peer-reviewed medical literature to address a specific clinical problem; the application of simple rules of science and common sense to determine the validity of the information; and the application of the information to the clinical problem.
See also: Cochrane collaboration, clinical practice guidelines

evidence-based medicine

The use of methods of medical treatment and clinical decision-making which have been rigorously tested by properly controlled research. The latter must also be exposed to peer review, publication in respected journals and free criticism before its conclusions can be adopted as a basis for practice. A journal called Evidence-Based Medicine is published jointly by the British Medical Association and the American College of Physicians.

ev·i·dence-based med·i·cine

(ev'i-dĕns-bāst med'i-sin)
Process and use of relevant information from peer-reviewed clinical and epidemiologic research to address a specific clinical issue, and thereby weighing the attendant risks and benefits of diagnostic tests and therapeutic measures; literature to address a specific clinical problem; application of simple rules of science and common sense to determine validity of information.
References in periodicals archive ?
In line with the existing operating model of the Abu Dhabi clinic, all staff and services will be fully integrated with King s College Hospital London to provide quality, evidence-based healthcare to the UAE.
For the past 18 months, she has also served on both the Executive and Steering committees of PCORnet, PCORI's national patient-centered big-data project She co-chairs the steering committee of Consumers United for Evidence-Based Healthcare, a nationwide coalition of consumer groups associated with the international Cochrane Collaboration.
Victor Montori, another leader in the evidence-based healthcare movement, gave a clear assessment of the role of research when he stated that, "The better the research, the more confident the decision," but he also stated that "Evidence alone is never sufficient to make a clinical decision.
KUWAIT, Oct 19 (KUNA) -- The First Gulf Cooperation Council Conference on Evidence-Based Healthcare Professional Development began on Sunday aiming to upgrade current practice or correct malpractice.
He suggests how this complementarity can be translated into integrated, multi-component, evidence-based healthcare.
Qatar's AHS will educate a multi-cultural workforce and future clinical, operational and scientific leaders; it will encourage the practice of evidence-based healthcare and furthermore support social responsibility.
Section Chair of Evidence-based Healthcare at New York Academy of Medicine/Emergency Medicine Department, Columbia University Medical Center, New York;
Led by the new senior management team, and supported by the exceptional team of existing staff members, Mafraq Hospital is well positioned to become the nation's leading institution for evidence-based healthcare.
International Journal Of Evidence-Based Healthcare, 6 (1), 50-77.
IBM and WellPoint, one of the nation's largest health insurers, announced an agreement in September to develop and launch Watson-based solutions "to help improve patient care through the delivery of up-to-date, evidence-based healthcare for millions of Americans.
The Qatar Centre for Evidence-Based Healthcare, a joint initiative of the Hamad Medical Corporation (HMC) and Sidra Medical and Research Centre, will be the first JBI facility in the Middle East.
This volume consists of 14 chapters related to areas of environmental psychology, from theories to applications in evidence-based healthcare design and physical work environments.

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