evidence-based medicine

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evidence-based medicine

process and use of relevant information from peer-reviewed clinical and epidemiologic research to address a specific clinical issue, and thereby weighing the attendant risks and benefits of diagnostic tests and therapeutic measures; literature to address a specific clinical problem; the application of simple rules of science and common sense to determine the validity of the information; and the application of the information to the clinical problem.
See also: Cochrane collaboration, clinical practice guidelines.

evidence-based medicine

the practice of medicine in which the physician finds, assesses, and implements methods of diagnosis and treatment on the basis of the best available current research, the physician's clinical expertise, and the needs and preferences of the patient.

evidence-based medicine

(1) The application of the best-available (i.e., most reliable) evidence gained from the scientific method to guide clinical decision-making. The most rigourous evidence comes from meta-analysis of multiple double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trials.

(2) The use of scientific data to confirm that proposed diagnostic or therapeutic procedures are appropriate in light of their high probability of producing the best and most favourable outcome.
 
The European Society of Cardiology uses a 3-level scale for rating the level of evidence available for a given treatment.

European Society of Cardiology Levels of Evidence of clinical trials
(A) Data derived from multiple randomised clinical trials or meta-analyses.
(B) Data derived from a single randomised clinical trial or large non-randomised studies.
(C) Consensus of opinion of the experts and/or small studies, retrospective studies, registries.

evidence-based medicine

Decision-making 'The use of scientific data to confirm that proposed diagnostic or therapeutic procedures are appropriate in light of their high probability of producing the best and most favorable outcome'. See Meta-analysis.

ev·i·dence-based med·i·cine

(ev'i-dĕns-bāst med'i-sin)
The process of applying relevant information derived from peer-reviewed medical literature to address a specific clinical problem; the application of simple rules of science and common sense to determine the validity of the information; and the application of the information to the clinical problem.
See also: Cochrane collaboration, clinical practice guidelines

evidence-based medicine

The use of methods of medical treatment and clinical decision-making which have been rigorously tested by properly controlled research. The latter must also be exposed to peer review, publication in respected journals and free criticism before its conclusions can be adopted as a basis for practice. A journal called Evidence-Based Medicine is published jointly by the British Medical Association and the American College of Physicians.

ev·i·dence-based med·i·cine

(ev'i-dĕns-bāst med'i-sin)
Process and use of relevant information from peer-reviewed clinical and epidemiologic research to address a specific clinical issue, and thereby weighing the attendant risks and benefits of diagnostic tests and therapeutic measures; literature to address a specific clinical problem; application of simple rules of science and common sense to determine validity of information.
References in periodicals archive ?
Medscape created a digital platform that is grounded in evidence-based clinical information, supported by expert oversight and robust curation, and built on the foundation of Medscape's Drugs and Diseases reference database -- a well-established and trusted resource used by hundreds of thousands of physicians around the world.
The five-year contract provides HHC clinicians with anytime/anywhere access to evidence-based clinical information to help improve their decision-making at the point of care.
From evidence-based clinical information to clinical practice transformation and patient education, Elsevier offers a wide range of solutions to meet the needs of clinical leaders now and in the future," Katzen said.
The free version includes comprehensive info on prescription drugs, a medical calculator by specialty, evidence-based clinical information on hundreds of diseases and symptom-related topics and timely content that nurses need to know onthe-go such as journal summaries, breaking clinical news and drug alerts.
The study, conducted by researchers from California Teratogen Information Service (CTIS) Pregnancy Health Information Line, uses data obtained by counsellors at the CTIS Pregnancy Health Information Line, a toll-free service offering evidence-based clinical information about exposures during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
The product is "not a database of guidelines and articles," the company said, but a "knowledge base with completely original evidence-based clinical information.
UpToDate , a part of Wolters Kluwer Health, announced today that it has added a section on Hospital Medicine to its evidence-based clinical information resource.
Having this evidence-based clinical information available at the point-of-care has empowered under-resourced, overtaxed healthcare personnel to deliver high-quality patient care in one of the most challenging clinical environments in the world.
Institutional users of Lippincott Advisor now have fast, mobile access to vital evidence-based clinical information both online and offline, which is critical in situations when the Internet is unavailable.
publisher and a Chinese healthcare information technology company and puts FirstCONSULT evidence-based clinical information directly into electronic health records for hospitals in China
UpToDate is trusted by thousands of hospitals worldwide to provide current, evidence-based clinical information," said Denise S.
As Baby Boomers age and nursing home populations continue to increase, Wolters Kluwer finds that these essential healthcare facilities are dramatically underserved when it comes to cost-effective, evidence-based clinical information solutions.

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