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Ernest H., English physiologist, 1866-1927. See: Starling curve, Starling hypothesis, Starling law, Starling reflex, Frank-Starling curve.
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Our observations of predation on three Sooty Fox Sparrows, three Song Sparrows and one European Starling therefore provide examples of some of the costs passerines may experience when living in or near a colony of Glaucous-winged Gulls, although exact quantification of these costs remains speculative.
12-14) A multicentric lymphoma has been reported in a European starling in which case retroviral nucleic acid was found in the neoplastic tissue.
TABLE 1 Nesting activity of European starlings in nest boxes treated with BGR (1), sulfur, and control during an experiment in Erie County, OH, USA, 9 May through 27 July 2007.
hemapterus intensity on nestling European Starlings occurs 5-7 days post-hatch, when feather development is still minimal yet nestlings are a good size; intensity decreases as the nestlings age, likely because of the ectoparasite's diminished feeding ability when feathers are present (Walter and Hudde 1987, Liker et al.
Wild house sparrows (Passer domesticus) and European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris), both members of the order Passeriformes, were captured.
9,10) Based on research in European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris)II and mynahs (Gracula religiosa religiosa and Acridotheres trisits trisits), (8) these birds appear to be susceptible to ISD because they are more efficient at absorbing iron from their diets and do not down-regulate iron absorption when iron replete.
Although bluebirds seem to prefer oval holes, smaller European Starlings may be able to enter them, especially if they are not exactly 1-3/8 inches x 2-1/4 inches.
Apparent widespread use of House Sparrows and European Starlings in association with generally higher densities of birds in cities could in part be responsible for urban Cooper's Hawks (including the Victoria Cooper's Hawk population) attaining some of the highest nesting densities and reproductive success known for this raptor (Rosenfield et al.
Previous experimental work has shown that adding a phytate (inositol) and tannic acid to a high-iron diet prevents excess iron uptake in European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris).
Eastern equine encephalitis virus in birds: relative competence of European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris).
We studied a nest-box breeding population of European Starlings on the campus of Saint Mary's University in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada (44[degrees] 37' 54.
European Starlings, which have grown in numbers from 60 released in New York in 1890 to 150 million today, are known as feathered bullets because they have a weight density 27 percent higher than herring gulls.

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