Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


Examination under anesthesia, see there.


(eg-zam?i-na'shon) [L. examinatio, equipoise, balance, examination]
Inspection of the body to determine the presence or absence of disease. Examination has been proposed as an international replacement for test, testing, and analysis although each of these words is more common in professional literature.

examination under anesthesia

Abbreviation: EUA
Any operative or invasive procedure done while the patient is sedated, in order to improve patient tolerance, alleviate pain or anxiety, or improve the quality of the exam.

bimanual examination

See: pelvic examination

dental examination

The visual, digital, and radiographic inspection of the teeth and surrounding structures, including the head and neck. The depth of the gingival sulcus is also probed and measured around each tooth to assess the state of health of the periodontium. The examination is completed with a mirror, explorer, periodontal probe, and dental radiographs.

digital rectal examination

Abbreviation: DRE
Palpation of the anus, rectum, and prostate gland with a gloved finger, used in the diagnosis of intestinal bleeding, anorectal pain, and both benign and malignant diseases of the prostate.

Patient care

The patient should be positioned for comfort, e.g., in Sims position (lying on the left side with knees and hips comfortably flexed). A chaperone and/or a drape should be provided for patient safety, comfort, and dignity. After an explanation of the procedure to the patient, several mL of surgical lubricant are placed on the examiner's glove, usually on the index finger. The examiner visually inspects the anus and perineum, then places the gloved finger on the anal opening while asking the patient to bear down gently. After the finger enters the anus, it is used to sweep circumferentially around the interior of the distal intestine. It is then directed anteriorly (when examining a male patient) to evaluate the consistency, size, and nodularity of the prostate gland. Samples of stool obtained during the exam may be sent to the lab to test them for the presence of occult blood.

double-contrast examination

A radiographic examination in which a radiopaque and a radiolucent contrast medium are used simultaneously to visualize internal anatomy.

endoscopic examination

Direct visualization of an internal organ with a fiber-optic tube, often accompanied by biopsy of suspicious lesions.

Folstein Mini Mental Status Examination

See: Folstein Mini Mental Status Exam

laboratory examination

Examination by urinalysis, blood tests, microbiological cultures, and other tests of body fluids.

Mini-Mental State Examination

Abbreviation: MMSE
A common test to quantify a person's cognitive ability. It assesses orientation, registration, attention, calculation, and language. Scoring is from 0 to 30, with 30 indicating intact cognition.

multilingual aphasia examination

Abbreviation: MAE
A battery of tests to measure language abilities in patients with speech disturbances. It consists of 11 components, including the abilities to repeat a sentence, spell, read, understand spoken directions, identify objects depicted in drawings, and articulate clearly.
Enlarge picture
Enlarge picture
Enlarge picture
Enlarge picture

pelvic examination

Physical examination of the vagina and adjacent organs. A speculum is used first to visualize anatomical structures. During speculum examination, cultures and Pap test specimens may be obtained. After the speculum is removed, the pelvic organs and rectum are examined manually by the examiner.
See: illustration

periodic health examination

A health screening examination performed on a scheduled or routine basis. The appropriate features of this examination depend on the patient's age, gender, and sometimes health history, family history, or employment status. Adult women should have periodic examinations that include Pap smears and mammography; professional pilots and truckers are screened periodically for visual impairment and hypertension. All adults over age 45 should be screened for diabetes mellitus. Patients with a personal history of cancer may be screened periodically for evidence of disease recurrence. For many patients, the periodic examination may include blood tests (e.g., to check levels of cholesterol and other lipids), immunological tests (e.g., health care workers are periodically screened for tuberculosis), or invasive examinations (e.g., sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy to look for colon cancer). Synonym: annual exam; periodic medical examination See: mammography; Papanicolaou test; table under cancer

periodic medical examination

Periodic health examination.

physical examination

Abbreviation: PEx
Examination of the body by auscultation, palpation, percussion, inspection, and olfaction.

radiological examination

Examination by various means of visualizing body spaces and organs and their functions, e.g., by computed tomography, fluoroscopy, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasonography, or related techniques.

rapid trauma exam

Rapid trauma assessment.

rectoabdominal examination

Physical examination of the abdomen and rectum, e.g., to determine the cause of abdominal pain, or to identify guarding, internal bleeding or organ enlargement, masses, or tenderness.

examination under anesthesia

Abbreviation: EUA
Any operative or invasive procedure done while the patient is sedated, in order to improve patient tolerance, alleviate pain or anxiety, or improve the quality of the exam.
See also: examination


Abbrev. for
1. Examination under anaesthesia.
2. Evacuation under anaesthesia. This usage refers to the removal, by suction or dilatation and curettage (D AND C), of a dead fetus and its membranes from the womb (uterus). Also known as ERPC-evacuation of retained products of conception.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hydro Station, which is owned by another EUA subsidiary, Blackstone Valley Electric Company.
Paul Addis, president of Duke/Louis Dreyfus, adds: "The alliance with EUA is another step in our strategy of joining with key regional utilities in an effort to build a national energy services business.
EUA Cogenex is a national performance contracting company that invests its financial resources and engineering expertise to implement facility improvements and reduce operating costs for select institutions and businesses.
The agreement between AYP Capital and EUA Cogenex, an energy services company (ESCO), allows for the long term relationship to commence immediately.
1 million associated with the settlement of claims brought against EUA Cogenex related to the 1995 sale of certain cogeneration projects.
The action comes on the heels of a vote yesterday by the Rhode Island Public Utilities Commission to approve the proposed rate consolidation settlement filed by NEES subsidiary, The Narragansett Electric Company, and EUA subsidiaries Blackstone Valley Electric Company and Newport Electric Company.
EUA/Onsite") in November 1994 as a result of the settlement with EUA Cogenex ("Cogenex"), Onsite's former partner in EUA/Onsite.
The Rhode Island Division of Public Utilities and Carriers approved the merger of the Rhode Island operating subsidiaries of NEES and EUA on February 25.
Sale of the 13-year-old office building is expected to be completed after EUA completes its merger with Westborough, Mass.
EUA Cogenex funds projects out of the energy and operating savings that can be found in your company to fix your buildings or reduce your operating expenses.
June 27 /PRNewswire/ -- Edward Liston, president of EUA Cogenex, a subsidiary of Eastern Utilities Associates (NYSE: EUA), announced the availability of Day One, a new monitoring and verification system which fulfills the M&V requirements of protocols established for Demand Side Management Programs (DSM).
The need for and genesis of the EUA, its requirements, its broad application to civilian and military populations, and its features of particular importance to physicians and public health officials are detailed.