ethnography

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ethnography

 [eth-nog´rah-fe]
1. a description of the activities of a group and the beliefs held by group members.
2. study of the lifestyles, beliefs, and norms of a selected group through observation, participation, and analysis. Ethnographic research includes studies of patterns of behavior, known as culture traits, and the relationships between patterns of behavior. Ethnographic inquiry may be on selected topics, such as health and illness, and may ask questions such as “Do fathers in this culture attend the birth of a child?” or “What does a family member do immediately after the birth of a child?”

ethnography

[ethnog′rəfē]
Etymology: Gk, ethnos, nation, graphein, to record
a branch of anthropology that is concerned with the history of nations and ethnic populations.

ethnography

A qualitative research technique which allows the generation of a detailed description of a culture or subculture based on observation, interviews and dialogue, and the genealogical analysis of kinships, descent and marriage using diagrams, symbols and questionnaires.

ethnography

the descriptive study of the races of mankind.
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Ethnographies Revisited seems to try too hard to tease out the "pure" theory from everything else; although there is a useful critique of grounded theory within Chapter 1, the editors seem to be attached to the naive idea that all ethnographers generate theory sui generis from within their field data.
Her chapter on Lawrence, Huxley, and "ethnographic tourism" in the American Southwest is fascinating (although it feels like an abrupt shift in focus from ethnographies mainly located within British colonies).
For example, Nicolas Thomas, as summed up by Herzfeld, recognizes "an unavoidable division in the ethnographer's voice" because the production of ethnographies nowadays is increasingly drawn in two directions:
He categorizes ethnographies by area of inquiry--organizational processes and informal relations, organizational identity and change, organizational environments, and organizational morality and conflict--and places each of the book's main chapters in these categories.
Consequently, new ethnographies provide a scholarly challenge to deepen out understanding of the world, our relation to it, and to one another.
27) Since the 1970s, more and more ethnographers have steadily sought to resolve the dilemma of single-voiced texts by including multiple voices in their ethnographies.
In addition to showing how to protect hosts from tourists, comparing different ethnographies can help isolate tourism systems that can complement, rather than modify, existing cultures.
Bentley argues that the novels of Hawthorne, James, and Wharton employed strategies akin to the contemporaneous ethnographies of Tylor, Boas, and Malinowski, for example, to chart and defuse the dangerous thrills of social difference.
Different ethnographies will tell us different kinds of things, as to some extent they always have -- one need only think of Gregory Bateson's Naven (1936) or of James Clifford's recent canonization of Godfrey Lienhardt (whose work already demonstrated many of the features which the postmodernist enterprise now discovers to be essential) to know this.
Current critiques of ethnographies call for greater inclusion of direct quotes from those whose actions, perceptions, etc.
Thornhill tracked information on mating and marriage rules in the ethnographies of 129 societies -- from the 16th-century Incas to the 20th-century Vietnamese -- stored at the Human Relations Area Files in New Haven, Conn.
On the acknowledged level of meaning: Geertz intends Works and Lives to stand as an embodiment of the utility of considering ethnographies as literary texts.