Ethnographic Research


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research

 
the systematic, rigorous investigation of a situation or problem in order to generate new knowledge or validate existing knowledge. Research in health care takes place in a variety of areas and has many potential benefits; the areas include professional practice, environmental issues affecting health, vitality, treatments, theory development, health care economics, and many others. Health care research can be conducted by one group of professionals for generation of knowledge specific to that group, or by a diverse group of researchers collaborating on a given health care problem.
applied research scientific investigations conducted to answer specific clinical questions or solve practice-related problems.
basic research scientific investigation that involves the generation of new knowledge or development of new theories; its results often cannot be applied directly to specific clinical situations.
correlational research the systematic investigation of relationships among two or more variables, without necessarily determining cause and effect.
descriptive research research that provides an accurate portrayal of characteristics of a particular individual, situation, or group. These studies are a means of discovering new meaning, describing what exists, determining the frequency with which something occurs, and categorizing information.
ethnographic research the investigation of a culture through an in-depth study of the members of the culture; it involves the systematic collection, description, and analysis of data for development of theories of cultural behavior.
experimental research objective, systematic, controlled investigation for the purpose of predicting and controlling phenomena and examining probability and causality among selected variables.
exploratory research studies that are merely formative, for the purpose of gaining new insights, discovering new ideas, and increasing knowledge of phenomena.
grounded theory research a research approach designed to discover what problems exist in a given social environment and how the persons involved handle them; it involves formulation, testing, and reformulation of propositions until a theory is developed.
historical research research involving analysis of events that occurred in the remote or recent past.
phenomenological research an inductive, descriptive research approach developed from phenomenological philosophy; its aim is to describe an experience as it is actually lived by the person.
qualitative research research dealing with phenomena that are difficult or impossible to quantify mathematically, such as beliefs, meanings, attributes, and symbols; it may involve content analysis.
quantitative research research involving formal, objective information about the world, with mathematical quantification; it can be used to describe test relationships and to examine cause and effect relationships.
The observation of and interaction with persons or a group being studied in the group's own environment, often for long periods of time
References in periodicals archive ?
Rather than assuming a framework a priori and/or testing hypotheses, ethnographic research derives its conclusions directly from the experience(s) of group members.
Thomas sees some of these tensions manifested in the late-twentieth century, in community-level interactions in the small rural community of Mango Mount, the site of her ethnographic research.
LeCompte and Schensul (1999) for example in their highly regarded volume, Designing and conducting ethnographic research, identify seven features which distinguish ethnographic research from other qualitative traditions.
These in-depth interviews were apart of the ethnographic research for my Doctor of Ministry thesis.
Based on examination of legal statutes and ethnographic research in an Amerindian (Cabecar) community, this paper describes Costa Rican government policy with respect to its indigenous inhabitants and the impact of the policy on such communities.
Engage in the kinds of ethnographic research that many manufacturers are using to gain a deeper understanding of what is driving consumers' shopping and buying choices.
One promising possibility is ethnographic research, a technique developed by anthropologists.
This article discusses ethnographic research that Kenyan carried out in 2001.
In this paper, we argue that for the purposes of researching the consequences of deviant behavior in intimate, interpersonal contexts, ethnographic research strategies are more fruitful than quantitative research techniques.
However, ethnographic research challenges conventional wisdom about the causes of social violence and raises new possibilities for prevention and healing, Kleinman asserts.
His defense of shifting agriculturalists is particularly noteworthy in this regard, and he draws on a wealth of recent ethnographic research to argue for the decided ecological advantages of this once-maligned approach to subsistence production.
And Laura Siminoff and Kata Chillag draw on their ethnographic research with transplant recipients to examine the problematic consequences for patients who accept the "gift of life.