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/eth·no·bot·a·ny/ (-bot´ah-ne) the systematic study of the interactions between a culture and the plants in its environment, particularly the knowledge about and use of such plants.


Herbal medicine
The field of alternative healthcare that formally studies the relationship between plants and a population, in particular the medicinal use of plants by an ethnic group. The ethonobotanical approach to drug discovery is more efficient than random searches for plant-derived agents of therapeutic interest; drugs so discovered include aspirin (Filipendula ulmaria), codeine (Papaver somniferum), ipecac (Psychotria ipecacuanha), pilocarpine (Pilocarpus jaborandi), reserpin (Rauvolfia serpentina), theophylline (Camelia sinensis) and vinblastine (Cantharanthus roseus).


(ethnō-botă-nē )
A study of the role of plants in the life of early humankind.

ethnobotany (ethˈ·nō·bˑ·t·nē),

n study of how societies perceive and categorize plants and use them for food, medicine, and ritual.
References in periodicals archive ?
Because of their taxonomic similarities, several terminologies have been used to refer to the same species of the Plectranthus genus, which interferes with the collection of information about the ethnobotanic use of this genus.
3) Another biologist, Tindale (1974), based at the South Australian Museum, was applying scientific methods to the recording of Aboriginal culture; as 'curator of ethnology', he collected ethnobotanic data and specimens across Australia.
Cladistic analysis might therefore provide a useful method for cross-cultural ethnobotanic comparisons (Hart and Cox 2000).
The plant materials were selected from ethnobotanic data and the best result was obtained with Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi.