a single noteworthy happening in the course of a longer series of events, such as one critical period of several during a prolonged illness.
major depressive episode
a period of daily and day-long depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in virtually all activities. Also present is some combination of altered appetite, weight, or sleep patterns, psychomotor agitation or retardation, difficulty thinking or concentrating, lack of energy and fatigue, feelings of worthlessness, self-reproach, or inappropriate guilt, recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, and plans or attempts to commit suicide. See also bipolar disorders
and mood disorders
a period of predominantly elevated, expansive, or irritable mood accompanied by some of the following symptoms: inflated self-esteem, decreased need for sleep, talkativeness, flight of ideas, distractibility, hyperactivity, hypersexuality, and recklessness. See also bipolar disorders
and mood disorders
a period during which the criteria are met both for a major depressive episode and for a manic episode nearly every day, with rapidly alternating moods and with symptoms characteristic of each type of episode. See also bipolar disorders and mood disorders
An important event or series of events taking place in the course of continuous events for example, an episode of depression.
episode /ep·i·sode/ (ep´ĭ-sōd) a noteworthy happening occurring in the course of a continuous series of events.
hypomanic episode a period of elevated, expansive, or irritable mood resembling a manic episode but less severe.
major depressive episode a period marked by depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in virtually all activities, associated with some combination of: altered weight, appetite, or sleep patterns, psychomotor agitation or retardation, difficulty in thinking or concentration, fatigue, feelings of worthlessness and hopelessness, and thoughts of death and suicide.
manic episode a period of predominant mood elevation, expansiveness, or irritation together with some combination of inflated self-esteem or grandiosity, decreased need of sleep, talkativeness, flight of ideas, distractibility, hyperactivity, hypersexuality, and recklessness.
mixed episode a period during which the symptoms of both a major depressive episode and of a manic episode occur nearly every day, with rapidly alternating moods.
Etymology: Gk, episodion, coming in besides
an incident or event that stands out from the continuity of everyday life, such as an episode of illness or a traumatic event in the course of a child's development. episodic, adj.
episode (1) An individual disease event which is part of a progressing condition.
(2) See Episode of care.
An important event or series of events taking place in the course of continuous events (e.g., an episode of depression).
An important event or series of events taking place in the course of continuous events e.g., an episode of depression.
a noteworthy happening occurring in the course of a continuous series of events.
Patient discussion about episode
Q. One of my friend`s son in the manic episode. I have seen people in manic episode to be happy. What could be the reason for their happiness. One of my friend`s son in the manic episode, is generally seen with high euphoria, but often he gets in to different episodes, where he seems to be happy but at the same time aggressive, which is a symptom of depression. Please clarify?
A. Yes Waylon, all bipolar in manic episode are happy for no reasons. All Bipolar with depressions are depressed continuously with aggression and agitation. These two episodes of bipolars are at different poles, but a bipolar with mixed episodes is also found among some. Your friend’s son may also be in the mixed episode where bipolars have mania and depression as well at the same time.
Q. what is this and how it differs during episodes of mania and depression? I have heard of psychotic symptoms, what is this and how it differs during episodes of mania and depression?
A. I believe that psychosis is more common among people who have Bipolar 1. Psychosis develops in manias as Johnson said above, the person believes themselves to be someone, something they are not. They can believe themselves to be rich or invincable. I knew a gentleman once that was arrested at a car dealership because he believed that he had all the money in the world and was insisting that the dealership give him a Dodge Viper and refused to leave the showroom. When the day before he had spent both his and his partners entire paychecks on a bike (leaving no money for bills etc...) Sometime during that day he left the bike lying arund on the street somewhere because he said he had plenty of money and would just go and get another one.
In a depressive state psychosis can manifest in other ways such as believeing in all kinds of conspiracy theories, believing the world is ending... etc...
Essentially the difference between psychosis in mania and depression is that in mania the per
Q. how can these trigger his episodes and what exactly has happened to him? My son is a bipolar patient. We took him to the doctor as his manic episode has started again. This episode was a high one as compared to his previous episodes. Previous episodes used to get triggered due to his work related stress. He keeps himself in routine which makes his life comfortable. Recently he went on a vacation with his colleagues. Once he was back I found his condition was worse and soon his episodes started again. His regular medicines were not of any help. So I took him to the doctor. His medicines were not changed except a new one was added. Doctor had told to reduce on any stress as much as possible. Strictly he has been told to reduce on anything which triggers stress like coffee, tea, high sugar intake, on cigarettes as well. How can these trigger his episodes and what exactly has happened to him?
A. Depending on the type of vacation he took it is possible that he drank a lot of alcohol which interfears with the effectivness of his medications. It is also probable that he did not keep the routine that he is on while on his vacation. If it was a tropical vacationhe could have spent mornings drinking coffee waking up from late nights. There are so many possibilities. Now that he is home he can begin his routine again, take his medications as perscribed and you will see that the episode passes. I hope that for you and your son the episode passes quickly and without too much damage.More discussions about episode