epifauna

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Related to Epifaunal: infauna, faunas

epifauna

the part of the BENTHOS living on the mud surface.
References in periodicals archive ?
In order to identify differences and similarities in epifaunal community composition between samples, we performed a Non-metric Multidimensional Scaling (MDS) (Ludwig and Reynolds 1988).
Settlement patterns of epifaunal organisms such as bryozoans (Walters, 1992), barnacles (Wethey, 1986), schyphozoans (Keen, 1987), and foraminiferas (Mullineaux and Butman, 1990) have been shown to be correlated with various aspects of field flows, inferring the influence of currents on larval settlement and recruitment patterns on hard surfaces (Mullineaux and Garland, 1993).
Due to their common association elsewhere with Cruziana problematica (Schindewolf), ichnospecies of Rusophycus are usually considered produced by epifaunal arthropods (Keighley and Pickerill 1996a), although no examples of Cruziana were encountered in this ichnocoenosis.
Wooden structures within estuaries can also be infested with destructive borers such as Teredo navalis, and gribbles, Limnoria lignorum (Nigrelli and Ricciuti, 1970) and weathered creosoted or other antiborertreated pilings can become substrates for some epifaunal colonization, even though borers and others may be temporarily inhibited by the chemical treatment (Stewart, 1983).
Subsequent competition with other epifaunal organisms, predation, and abiotic factors, particularly at high-salinity sites, will continue to shape how the oyster communities develop on these reefs (Wells 1961, Soniat et al.
Engel and Kvitek (1998) studied HT and LT bottom trawl sites in more sandy habitats at slightly shallower depths in California, and found large reductions in most of the large epifaunal species or species groups at HT sites (50-90% reductions, Fig.
Authority Bering Sea area Skalkin (1963) Southeastern Mineva (1964) Eastern Feder (1977, 1978) Eastern Allen(1) (1984) Southeastern Zhang (1987) Eastern Lang (1992) Eastern Authority Major food items Skalkin (1963) Benthic crustaceans, mollusks, polychaetes Mineva (1964) Bivalves, gastropods, polychaetes Feder (1977, 1978) Polychaetes, bivalves, amphipods, nemerteans Allen(1) (1984) Benthopelagic, epifaunal, sessil infaunal preys Zhang (1987) Polychaetes, amphipods, Echiura, Sipuncula Lang (1992) Polychaetes, amphipods, bivalves, decapods
Estudio del mejillon y de su epifaunal en los cultivol flotantes de la Ria de Arosa: III.
For sites dominated by gravel (which included boulders in some areas), there were no effects on infauna but strong effects on epifaunal density and taxonomic richness.
Effects of periodic hypoxia on mortality, feeding and predation in an estuarine epifaunal community.
After the acclimation period, oysters were soaked in 9:1 water--chlorine bleach (HOCl) solution, rinsed in freshwater, and scrubbed to remove epifaunal and burrowing organisms.
1988) as reef-like outcrops of rock rubble and shell hash supporting a diverse epifaunal assemblage.