Enterococcus faecium


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Enterococcus faecium

the second most common species of this genus recovered in human infection; this species has low-level resistance to ampicillin, and in the U.S. and other countries where vancomycin is used frequently, resistant strains have been rapidly appearing as causes of nosocomial infections; in cases of septicemia in immunocompromised patients, fatality rates can be over 50%.

Enterococcus faecium

A nosocomial pathogen resistant to most antibiotics–eg, penicillin, teicoplanin, aminoglycosides, glycopeptides; ID of E faecium in a clinical specimen requires Pt isolation with barrier precautions. See Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium.

En·ter·o·coc·cus fae·ci·um

(en'tĕr-ō-kok'-ŭs fē'shē-ŭm)
Bacterial species of this genus recovered in human infection; this species has low-level resistance to ampicillin, and in the U.S. and other countries where vancomycin is used frequently, resistant strains have been rapidly appearing as causes of nosocomial infections; in cases of septicemia in immunocompromised patients, fatality rates in cases of septicemia are high.
References in periodicals archive ?
coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella, Listeria, Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Enterococcus faecium (VRE), and other pathogens.
Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VRE): VRE is a major cause of bloodstream infections, infections of the heart, meningitis, and intra-abdominal infections.
To The Editor: Quinupristin-dalfopristin was approved by the FDA in 1999 for bacteremia and life-threatening infections with vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium.
Enterococcus faecium is the predominant microorganism in raw milk and enterococci also occur and grow in a variety of cheeses; they play a major role in ripening and aroma development (Gelsomino et al.
In tests on a strain of Enterococcus faecium, the SproC5 alone wasn't strong enough to kill the bacteria.
More than half the strains of Enterococcus faecium, a bacterium that causes infections after surgery, are resistant to it.
9 percent of most disease-causing germs including methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant enterococcus faecium (VRE) within 15 seconds.
The bacterium - enterococcus faecium - caused fevers in the two patients, both men in their 60s who underwent surgery in the hospital this year.
A selection of the extensive chapter titles reads: Lactic acid bacteria and bacteriocins - their practical importance; Taxonomy of lactic acid bacteria; Genetics and protein engineering of nisin; Lacticin 481, a lantibiotic produced by Lactococcus lactis; Lactococcins, bacteriocins of Lactococcus lactis; Bacteriocins and bacteriocin-like substances from Lactobacillus; Lactacin F, a small hydrophobic heat-stable bacteriocin; Lactocin S, a lanthionine-containing bacteriocin isolated from Lactobacillus sake L45; Bacteriocins of Pediococcus; Bacteriocins produced by Leuconostoc species; Bacteriocins produced by Streptococcus thermophilus; Bacteriocins of Enterococcus; and Enterocin 1146, a bacteriocin produced by Enterococcus faecium DPC 1146.
The vast majority of enteroccocal infections are caused by Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium.
8% of 2,314 systematically screened patients in the medical and general surgery intensive care units at HEGP (repatriated patients excluded) carried ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae; 1 carried vanA Enterococcus faecium (data not shown).
plates selective chromogenic medium for the detection of enterococcus faecium and enterococcus faecalis presenting acquired resistance to vancomycin.