enterochromaffin cell

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Related to Enterochromaffin cells: serotonin, carcinoid syndrome

enterochromaffin cell

enterochromaffin cell

Abbreviation: EC cell
An enteroendocrine cell that produces serotonin and is found in the small intestine. Enterochromaffin cells are very similar to the cells, found throughout the peripheral sympathetic nervous system, that are called simply 'chromaffin cells'.
See also: cell
References in periodicals archive ?
However, the amount of melatonin produced in the GI tract by enterochromaffin cells is 400 times greater than that produced by the pineal gland.
Yadav and colleagues were the first to show that serotonin produced by the enterochromaffin cells of the duodenum inhibits bone formation and that targeting tryptophan hydroxylase-1 (Tph-1), the rate-limiting enzyme in serotonin synthesis might be an effective strategy to promote new bone formation.
Stimulation of the vomiting center can occur from the release of serotonin from enterochromaffin cells in the gastrointestinal tract by chemotherapy.