cellulase

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Related to Endoglucanase: Cellobiohydrolase

cellulase

 [sel´u-lās]
a concentrate of cellulose-splitting enzymes derived from Aspergillus niger and other sources; used as a digestive aid.

cel·lu·lase

(sel'yū-lās),
Enzyme catalyzing the hydrolysis of 1,4-β-glucoside links in cellulose, lichenin, and other β-d-glucans; found in a variety of microorganisms in soil and in the digestive tracts of herbivores. Used to produce digestive tablets and in the removal of cellulose from foods for special diets.

cellulase

(sĕl′yə-lās′, -lāz′)
n.
Any of several enzymes produced chiefly by fungi, bacteria, and protozoans that catalyze the hydrolysis of cellulose.

cel·lu·lase

(sel'yū-lās)
An enzyme catalyzing the hydrolysis of 1,4-β-glucoside links in cellulose. Used to produce digestive tablets and in the removal of cellulose from foods for special diets.

cellulase

an ENZYME capable of splitting CELLULOSE into glucose, used particularly in the softening or digestion of plant cell walls. Most animals are not capable of producing cellulase and therefore of digesting plant material themselves, relying instead on a variety of gut microorganisms to produce the enzyme and then absorbing the glucose product (see CAECUM). Cellulase is also produced in large quantities in the ABSCISSION layer formed in leaf stalks of higher plants, causing a weakening of cell walls prior to leaf fall.
References in periodicals archive ?
In this study, production of endoglucanase was the highest at 48 h.
Hence, the action of [beta]-glucosidase is needed to avoid enzyme inhibition since accumulation of cellobiose during fermentation can inhibit the enzymatic action of endoglucanase (Hamzah et al.
Endoglucanase activity was assayed using CMC as a substrate.
Of these, bacteria JK7 showed maximum endoglucanase activity (data not shown).
Based on the enzyme activity data (Table 1), four enzyme additives showing high a-amylase and protease (CE14), [beta]-1,3-glucanase (CE2), endoglucanase (CE19), or xylanase (CE8) activity were selected.
All of the enzymes had xylanase, endoglucanase, and p-glucanase activity, although the magnitude of activity varied greatly.
Intronless celB from the anaerobic fungus Neocallimastix patriciarum encodes a modular family A endoglucanase.
Structure of the cel-3 gene from Fibrobacter succinogenes S85 and characteristics of the encoded gene product, endoglucanase 3.
reesei produces a family of different cellulolytic enzymes, including endoglucanases, exocellobiohydrolases, and p-glucosidases; a view that is different than the one proposed by Kovacs and his colleagues [16] who proposed that p-glucosidases is practically not secreted by Trichoderma reesei.
The inventions embodied by this patent are industrial uses and novel methods of manufacturing endoglucanases and other groups of neutral or alkaline cellulases that are isolated from Chrysosporium fungal strains.
arabinanases, endoglucanases, galactanases, glycosidases, xylanases, oxidases, proteases peptidases, phospholipases, lactases, transglutaminases Animal feed: enzymes are used to Phytases, [beta]-glucanases, enhance digestion and nutritional xylanases, galactanases, content of animal feed.
These are endoglucanases, exoglucanases, and beta glucosidases (Nation, 2002).