chronic kidney disease

(redirected from End-stage kidney disease)
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chronic kidney disease

A condition defined as either:
(1) Kidney damage for = 3 months, defined by structural or functional renal abnormalities with or without a reduced glomerular filtration rate, manifest by either:
• Pathological abnormalities, or
• Markers of kidney damage, including abnormalities in the composition of the blood or urine, or abnormalities in imaging tests;
(2) GFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 for = 3 months, with or without kidney damage.
 
Workup
Serum creatinine for GFR, protein to creatinine ratio, examine urine sediment or dipstick for red cells, WBCs, imaging of kidneys, serum electrolytes (Na+, K+, Cl-, bicarbonate).

chronic kidney disease

,

CKD

Any illness in which kidney function remains diminished for a long period of time. CKD is defined as > 30 mg of urinary albumin excretion per gram of urinary creatinine, or a glomerular filtration rate of < 60mL/min/1.73m2 and includes both end-stage renal disease and improper functioning of kidney transplants. “Renal insufficiency” is a less-preferred term.
References in periodicals archive ?
This innovative medical technology creates hemodialysis access using vascular sites not traditionally used by surgeons for people with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD).
Development of a surgically implantable, artificial kidney a promising alternative to kidney transplantation or dialysis for people with end-stage kidney disease has received a $6 million boost, thanks to a new grant from the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB), one of the National Institutes of Health, to researchers led by UC San Francisco bioengineer Shuvo Roy, PhD, and Vanderbilt University nephrologist William Fissell, MD.
It is clear that end-stage kidney disease is to a large extent driven by hypertension and diabetes, which are rising in incidence as globalisation and industrialisation increase.
This report provides elemental information and data relating to the clinical trials on End-Stage Kidney Disease (end-stage renal disease or ESRD).
Key clinical point: Intensive glyce-mic control in patients with type 2 diabetes safely led to a long-term reduction in end-stage kidney disease, compared with standard management.
Levels of the bioactive form of vitamin D tend to track with the health of the kidneys, so in someone with kidney disease, bioactive vitamin D levels decrease as the disease gets worse, and in end-stage kidney disease, the level is undetectable.
After adjusting for the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and the presence of cardiovascular disease and diabetes, the researchers found that severe psoriasis was associated with excess risks for chronic kidney disease and end-stage kidney disease.
Well-known kidney disease risk factors--diabetes,* hypertension (high blood pressure), and smoking--were linked to development of advanced kidney disease and end-stage kidney disease in a 6-year study of 35,000 people with HIV.
Many of them gradually proceed to end-stage kidney disease and kidney transplantation offers them a better life- both in the short and long term as opposed to treatment with continuous dialysis.
Many of them gradually proceed to end-stage kidney disease and kidney transplantation offers them a better life both in the short and long term as opposed to treatment with continuous dialysis.
9 million end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) patients worldwide undergo hemodialysis, with the vast majority receiving conventional hemodialysis (CHD), which is usually performed three times a week for three to five hours per session in a center or clinic4.
Washington, June 9 ( ANI ): Doctors at Duke University Hospital created a bioengineered blood vessel and implanted it into the arm of a patient with end-stage kidney disease.