Encephalitozoon

Encephalitozoon

(en-sef'ă-li-tō-zō'on),
A genus of protozoan parasites, formerly considered part of the family Toxoplasmatidae, class Sporozoea, but now recognized as a member of the protozoan phylum Microspora, family Nosematidae. Encephalitozoon cuniculi is considered the primary microsporan parasite of mammals, commonly found in the brain and kidney tubules of rodents and carnivores and causing nosematosis in rabbits.
[encephalitis + G. zōon, animal]

Encephalitozoon

/En·ce·phal·i·to·zo·on/ (en″sĕ-fal″ĭ-to-zo´on) a genus of parasitic protozoa, causing infection mainly in immunocompromised patients; E. cuni´culi affects predominantly the brain and kidney, E. hel´lem affects the eye, and E. intestina´lis affects the intestines.

Encephalitozoon

Infectious disease A genus of microsporidia that most commonly infects the small intestine of immunocompromised Pts, in particular those with AIDS; in most Pts, the infection is confined to the small intestine and accompanied by diarrhea; in others, Encephalitozoon spp can cause disseminated disease & may be present in macrophages & epithelial cells. See AIDS cholangiopathy, Microsporidiasis.

En·ceph·a·li·to·zo·on

(en-sef'ă-lit-ō-zō'on)
A genus of protozoan parasites, formerly considered part of the family Toxoplasmatidae, class Sporozoea, but now recognized as a member of the protozoan phylum Microspora, family Nosematidae. E. cuniculi is considered the primary microsporan parasite of mammals, commonly found in the brain and kidney tubules of rodents and carnivores; causes nosematosis in rabbits.
[encephalitis + G. zōon, animal]

Encephalitozoon

a genus of protozoa in the class Microsporea.

Encephalitozoon cuniculi
occurs in rodents, dogs, primates and humans. Has a similar physical appearance and pathogenetic effect to toxoplasmosis. Causes encephalitozoonosis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Kathrine Watson, Tyneside A: In the absence of any known trauma or toxin exposure, the two most common causes of head tilts in rabbits of that age are middle ear disease and a parasite known as Encephalitozoon cuniculi (E.
Encephalitozoon cuniculi, Eimeria stiedae, Eimeria magna, Eimeria intestinalis, Eimeria irresidua, Eimeria flavescens, Eimeria piriformis, Toxoplasma gondii, Passalurus ambiguous, other helminths, parainfluenza virus 1, parainfluenza virus 2, reovirus, Psoroptes cuniculi, Cheyletiella parasitovorax, Leporacarus gibbus, and Dermatomycosis spp.
For each sample, we will run toxicology tests to determine heavy metal accumulation, a PCR test to assess the presence of Trypansoma cruzi, and fluorescent antibody tests to determine whether any of the following are present: Toxoplasma gondii, Sarcocystis neurona, Sarcocystis falcatula, Besnoitia darlingli Neospora caninurn, Leptospira, and Encephalitozoon cuniculi.
Within eukaryotes, genome size variations of more than 200,000-fold, from the microsporidium Encephalitozoon cuniculi (0.
Molecular study of microsporidiosis due to Enterocytozoon bieneusi and Encephalitozoon intestinalis among human immunodeficiency virus--infected patients from two geographical areas: Niamey, Niger, and Hanoi, Vietnam.
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) obtained through lumbar puncture was negative for Toxoplasma gondii, Encephalitozoon cuniculi, and Enterocytozoon bieneusi by PCR and for Trypanosoma gambiense by indirect hemagglutination assay.
Prevalence of microsporidiosis due to Enterocytozoon bieneusi and Encephalitozoon (Septata) intestinalis among patients with AIDS-related diarrhea: determination by polymerase chain reaction to the microsporidian small-subunit rRNA gene.
The rabbits were free of Pasteurella multocida, Bordetella bronchiseptica, Encephalitozoon cuniculi, Treponema cuniculi, Clostridium piliforme, myxomatosis virus, RHDV, Toxoplasma spp.
Microsporidial GI infections in HIV are most often caused by Enterocytozoon bieneusi and Encephalitozoon (Septata) intestinalis.
The rDNA unit of Encephalitozoon cuniculi (Microsporidia): complete 23S sequence and copy number.
Just when I thought Myxomatosis and Viral Haemorrhagic Disease were bad enough, along comes Encephalitozoon cuniculi to make things even more difficult on the articulation front.