The extensive mechanistic data for formaldehyde-induced respiratory cancer provide strong support for the empirical observation
of nasopharyngeal cancer in humans, although computer models that predict an anterior-to-posterior gradient of formaldehyde deposition in the upper respiratory tract would predict that formaldehyde would cause cancer in the nose as well as the nasopharynx in humans.
Potential evidence" is "any empirical observation
about the apparent relationship between events.
One of the greatest scientific contributions of Ibn Sina was to demonstrate that there are, in fact, not one but many methods of acquiring scientific knowledge, ranging from empirical observation
and experimentation, to deduction and demonstration, to intellectual intuition which he called hads.
This last chapter is a wonderful description of the mixed process of empirical observation
, selective attention, motivated interpretation, logical deduction and strategic communication that accounted for the transformation of urban renewal from a policy to re-house the poor in better dwellings into a policy to evict them and make room for the rich.
Although the underlying physical processes of perception and memory continue as a matter of research and debate, empirical observation
of human behavior can shed some light on the behavioral consequences of these processes.
Her chapters combine empirical observation
and self-analysis, educational theory, and exact quotation from diminutive (but articulate) informants.
As an interdisciplinary whole, the essays integrate empirical observation
, theoretical analysis, and policy discussion of demographic decline and the ways in which it interacts with social, economic, policy, and cultural change.
But is our confidence based on empirical observation
of nature's kinds and their members?
Taussig leads us to see the dialogical form of the letters, the open give-and-take of discussion and empirical observation
, as a reflection of Gassendi's philosophical and scientific methods themselves, and to see them as essential aspects of the learned life of the philosophical sage.
1 Moore's law is the empirical observation
that the transistor density of integrated circuits doubles every 18 months.
Yet empirical observation
seems to contradict this thesis at every turn.
The influence of scholars such as Koyre and Westfall is strong: "Modern science was not founded on the ability to generalize empirical observation