Empedocles

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Em·ped·o·cles

(ĕm-pĕd′ə-klēz′) Fifth century bc.
Greek philosopher who believed that all matter is composed of elemental particles of fire, water, earth, and air.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Empedoclean and Stoic notion of the four elements, rejected by Lucretius, (14) is ascribed to Pythagoras who uses typically Lucretian language such as genitalia corpora (239).
252-8 is close to Empedoclean formulations, above all fragment 8 (cf.
Ovid will have noted that the Hellenistic epic poet Apollonius of Rhodes had drawn on Empedoclean monsters when describing the victims of Circe, that most famous mythological agent of transformation (Argonautica 4.
497-511,(15) just as Ovid includes Empedoclean colouring in his cosmogony at the beginning of the Metamorphoses.
57) reports that in Aristotle's On Poets it was said that Empedocles was [GREEK TEXT OMITTED] and [GREEK TEXT OMITTED];(18) Ovid may preserve an Empedoclean metaphor in the description of the sun as (15.
That the reluctance is attributable to nobody's knowing enough about Empedocles, as one critic has suggested (Hill 15), is not likely, since at least two others (Feshback, Neff) have been brave enough to claim the presence of Empedoclean cosmology in "Dover Beach.
First of all, it is easy to understand why a critic might be unwilling to apply Empedoclean science to Arnold's poem, since Arnold in many places admits the limitations of his scientific knowledge.
Fortunately, that Matthew Arnold apparently had no more than an educated layman's understanding of Empedoclean cosmology provides the reader with hope for understand as much of it as Arnold may have decided to use.
Galen had combined the Empedoclean notion of the basic constituents of the universe (earth, fire, water, air) with the Hippocratic assumption that human beings were composed of four humors--black bile (melancholia), blood (sanguis), yellow bile (choler), and phlegm (phlegma).
in addition to the previously cited Jouanna 1966 (who analyzes the theory expounded in Regimen, on the circular revolution of the yuch and the relationships between said theory, the Empedoclean doctrine and the Timaeus by Plato); also Byl 2002.
Empedoclean friendship, love, passion, and mating strife resurface, and we explore further the solitudes of the writer and literature.
2) Employing the four Empedoclean elements in examples allows for a clear exposition of Aquinas.