electric shock

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electric shock

 
shock caused by electric current passing through the body.
Common points of entry and exit for electrical burns. Severe internal damage can occur between these points. From Frazier et al., 2000.
The longer the contact with electricity, the smaller the chance of survival. The victim's breathing may stop, and the body may appear stiff. In giving first aid, first the electric contact is broken as quickly as possible; this must be done with care so that the rescuer does not have exposure to the current. The rescuer, keeping in mind that water and metals are conductors of electricity, stands on a dry surface and does not touch the victim or electric wire with the bare hands. If the victim has stopped breathing and has no pulse, cardiopulmonary resuscitation is begun immediately.

electric shock

the sum of immediate and delayed pathophysiologic responses of living tissue to a current of electricity of sufficient magnitude to induce abnormal sensations (for example, paresthesia, pain) or objective changes (for example, muscle spasm, cardiac arrhythmia, neurologic impairment including coma, tissue damage).

electric shock

a traumatic physical state caused by the passage of electric current through the body. It usually involves accidental contact with exposed parts of electric circuits in home appliances and domestic power supplies but may also result from lightning or contact with high-voltage wires. The resultant damage depends on the intensity of the electric current, the type of current, and the duration and the frequency of current flow. Alternating current (AC), direct current (DC), and mixed current cause different kinds and degrees of damage. High-frequency current produces more heat than low-frequency current and can cause burns, coagulation, and necrosis of affected body parts. Low-frequency current can burn tissues if the area of contact is small and concentrated. Severe electric shock commonly causes unconsciousness, respiratory paralysis, muscle contractions, bone fractures, and cardiac disorders. Even passage of small electric currents through the heart can cause fibrillation. About 1000 persons in the United States die from electric shock each year. Treatment may involve such measures as cardiopulmonary resuscitation, defibrillation, and IV administration of electrolytes to help stabilize vital functions. See also cardiogenic shock, hypovolemic shock.

e·lec·tric shock

(ĕ-lek'trik shok)
A traumatic state following the passage of an electrical current through the body.

e·lec·tric shock

(ĕ-lek'trik shok)
Sum of immediate and delayed pathophysiologic responses of living tissue to electrical current of sufficient magnitude to induce abnormal sensations or objective changes.

shock

a condition of acute peripheral circulatory failure due to derangement of circulatory control or loss of circulating fluid. It is marked by hypotension, coldness of the skin and tachycardia.

allergic shock
see anaphylactic shock.
shock bodies
hyaline globules composed of fibrin degradation products which act as microthrombi and cause hemorrhage and necrosis.
burn shock
the loss and redistribution of fluid, electrolytes and plasma protein, increased blood viscosity and increased peripheral resistance that follow a severe burn contribute to shock.
cardiogenic shock
classically associated with acute myocardial infarction in humans; in animals may be caused by intrinsic congestive heart failure, cardiac depression caused by anesthetic overdosage or other drugs with negative inotropism, rarely, thromboembolism.
colloidoclastic shock
shock due to breakdown of the physical equilibrium of the body colloids. Thought to cause anaphylactic shock due to the absorption of the colloids into the bloodstream.
distributive shock
see vasogenic shock (below).
electric shock
see electrical injuries.
electroplectic shock
electric shock. See also electrical stunning.
endotoxic shock
caused by endotoxins, especially Escherichia coli. See also toxemic shock.
shock gut
animals in shock develop changes in the gut including congestion and hemorrhage into the lumen.
hypovolemic shock
shock due to reduced blood volume as a result of water deprivation, fluid loss due to diarrhea, vomiting, extensive burns, intestinal obstruction, whole blood loss.
insulin shock
a condition of circulatory insufficiency resulting from overdosage with insulin, which causes too sudden reduction of blood sugar. It is marked by tremor, weakness, convulsions and collapse.
irreversible shock
shock which has reached the stage where irreparable damage has been done to tissues, e.g. liver, kidneys and treatment will not salvage the patient although it might prolong life for a long time.
shock lung
animals in shock due to massive burns, septicemia, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), acute viral or bacterial pneumonias or trauma develop an acute respiratory distress syndrome. The pulmonary lesion is a nonspecific acute or subacute interstitial pneumonia.
nervous shock
a temporary cessation of function in nervous tissue caused by an acute insult such as trauma without the part having been directly or detectably damaged. The loss of function is only temporary, usually for a few minutes but it may last for several hours. There may be residual signs due to direct damage when the shock passes. Stunning by a lightning stroke is an example.
shock organs
those organs, specific to each animal species, which respond to allergens circulating in the blood.
septic shock
see toxemic shock.
spinal shock
flaccid paralysis up and down the body from the site of the spinal cord lesion. Accompanied by a fall in skin temperature, vasodilatation and sweating. Signs disappear within an hour or two. There may be residual signs due to physical injury to tissue.
toxic shock
see toxemic shock.
vasogenic shock, vasculogenic shock
shock exists because of the severe reduction in effective circulating blood volume caused by sequestration of blood and other fluids in the vascular system and their withdrawal from the circulating blood. Is the classical shock of traumatic injury, burns, uterine prolapse, extensive surgery.

Patient discussion about electric shock

Q. Is electric shock efficient for ocd? Is it dangerous? My husband has OCD for 15 years now. He was also diagnosed with mania-depressia. He takes so many medications and nothing really helps. We were offered to try electric shock and I'm scared. Is it dangerous? What are the chances of this method to work for him?

A. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is indeed considered effective for OCD, although it's not the first line of treatment. It does have its risks, including memory loss, disorientation and sort of confusion. There is also a change in the activity of the heart but it's rarely significant.

Generally it can be said that it's not an absolutely safe treatment, but it may help, especially if other drugs don't help.

You may read more here:
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003324.htm

Q. I'M 56 YEARS OLD FEMALE, PRETTY GOOD HEALTH. BUT LATELY I BEEN HAVING LIKE ELECTRIC SHOCK ON MY BODY.

A. is this the only symptom? if there are more- i recommend (the second time today!) this site:
http://www.healthline.com/directory/symptoms

you can make a list of the symptoms you have and it'll give you the optional diseases/syndromes

More discussions about electric shock
References in periodicals archive ?
This nationwide epidemic is ultimately costing consumers of utilities (and home builders, apartment owners, telephone and wireless providers, and even breweries) hundreds of thousands of dollars each year in Georgia alone, while electrical injuries sustained by perpetrators are most likely borne by the taxpayer for treatment at area hospital emergency rooms and burn centers.
Brown BJ, Gaasch WR: Electrical injuries and lightning.
By reducing downtime and minimizing switchgear damage, it enables mine operators to maximize their return on investment - all while reducing the risk of on-site electrical injuries.
With thousands of child electrical injuries involving receptacles reported each year, the Code change aims to reduce these incidents.
The mechanism of vasopressin and thyrotropin releasing hormone deficiencies due to electrical injuries is not exactly known as of now.
Though electrical accidents represent a statistically small percentage of all work-related incidents, they are disproportionately fatal: according to the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), electrical injuries in the workplace - in particular, phenomena called "arc flash" accidents - result in the death of a facilities worker every 28 hours, even in facilities that have passed formal inspections within recent months.

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