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Related to Eimeria: Coccidia
A coccidian parasite that affects mammals, fish, and poultry; abbreviated taxonomy: Eukaryota; Alveolata; Apiocomplexa; Coccidia; Eimeriida; Eimeriidae. Sporozoites that invasde intestinal mucosa cause diarrhea, hemorrhage, tenesmus, dehydroation, weight loss, and in advanced states, emaciation. Sheep, goats, poultry, cattle, and rabbits are most affected clinically. There are four sporocysts per sporulated oocyst, two sporozoites per sporocyst. Pathogenic species include E. bovis, E. zuernii in cattle, E. ovina in sheep, E. tenella, E. necatrix, E. acervulina, and E. brunetti in poultry. Eimeria sp. are not parasitic for dogs or cats. E. sardinae of herring and tuna was previously thought to be a human parasite but is found in human feces only as a result of having eaten infected fish. Not all Eimeria sp. are pathogenic; pathogenic strains vary in their pathogenicity.
[Gustave H. T. Eimer, Germany, 1843-1898]
Eimeria/Ei·me·ria/ (i-mēr´e-ah) a genus of protozoa (order Eucoccidiida) found in the epithelial cells of humans and animals.
Eimer,Gustav Heinrich Theodor, German zoologist, 1843-1898.
Eimeria - the largest, most economically important, and most widespread genus of the coccidial protozoa (family Eimeriidae, class Sporozoea).
a genus of protozoan parasites in the family Eimeriidae. There are many species (see below), mostly in birds and herbivores. They are the principal cause of coccidiosis, which also has other causes. See cystoisospora, isospora, tyzzeria, wenyonella.
Commonly listed Eimeria spp. and their hosts are listed below:
E. abramovi—wild duck, geese; E. acervulina—domestic poultry, quail; E. adenoides—turkey; E. ahsata—sheep, goats; E. alabamensis—cattle; E. alijevi—goats; E. alpacae—llama, alpaca; E. anatis—mallard, domestic duck; E. ankarensis—water buffalo; E. anseris—domestic geese, wild geese; E. aspheronica—goats; E. arkhari—sheep, goats; E. arloingi—sheep, goats; E. auburnensis—cattle; E. augusta—grouse; E. aurata—fish; E. azerbaidschanica—water buffalo.
E. bactriani—one- and two-humped camel; E. bakuensis—sheep; E. bareillyi—water buffalo; E. battakhi—domestic duck; E. bombaynsis—zebu cattle; E. bonasae—grouse; E. boschadis—wild duck, geese; E. bovis—cattle, zebu, water buffalo; E. brantae—wild duck, geese; E. brasiliensis—cattle, zebu, water buffalo; E. brinkmanni—rock ptarmigan; E. brunetti—domestic poultry; E. bucephalae—wild duck, geese; E. bukidnonensis—cattle, zebu, buffalo.
E. cameli—one- and two-humped camels; E. canadensis—domestic cattle, zebu, bison, water buffalo; E. canis—dogs and cats; E. caprina—goats; E. caprovina—goats; E. carinii—rats; E. carpelli—fish; E. caviae—guinea pig; E. cerdonis—pig; E. christenseni—domestic goat; E. christianseni—mute swan; E. clarkei—lesser snow goose; E. coecicola—rabbit; E. colchici—pheasant; E. columbae—pigeon; E. columbarum—rock dove; E. coturnicus—quail; E. crandallis—domestic sheep, small wild ruminants; E. cylindrica—domestic cattle, zebu, water buffalo; E. cyprini—fish.
E. danailovi—mallard; E. danielle—domestic sheep; E. debliecki—pig; E. dispersa—turkey; E. dolichotis—Patagonian cavy; E. dromedarii—one- and two-humped camels.
E. ellipsoidalis—domestic cattle, zebu, Euro-pean bison, water buffalo; E. elongata—domestic rabbit; E. exigua—rabbit, Greenland hare.
E. falciformis—mouse; E. fanthami—rock ptarmigan; E. farri—white fronted goose; E. faurei—sheep, small wild ruminants; E. ferrisi—mouse; E. fulva—wild geese.
E. gallopavonis—turkey; E. gilruthi—sheep, goats; E. gokaki—buffalo; E. gonzalei—sheep; E. gorakhpuri—guinea fowl; E. granulosa—domestic and wild sheep; E. grenieri—guinea fowl; E. guevarai—pig.
E. hagani—poultry; E. hasei—rats; E. hawkinsi—sheep, goats; E. hermani—wild geese; E. hindlei—mouse; E. hirci—goats.
E. illinoisensis—cattle; E. innocua—turkey; E. intestinalis—rabbit; E. intricata—sheep, wild small ruminants; E. irresidua—rabbit, jackrabbit.
E. jolchijevi—goats; E. keilini—mouse; E. kocharli—goats; E. kofoidi—partridge; E. koganae—wild duck, geese; E. kosti—cattle; E. kotlani—domestic geese; E. krijgsmanni—mouse.
E. labbeana—pigeon; E. lagopodi—ptarmigan; E. lamae—alpaca; E. langeroni—pheasant; E. leuckarti—horse; E. lyruri—partridge.
E. macusaniensis—llama, alpaca; E. magna—rabbit, hare; E. magnalabia—wild geese; E. mandali—peafowl; E. marsica—sheep; E. matsubayashii—domestic rabbit; E. maxima—poultry; E. mayurai—peafowl; E. media—domestic and wild rabbit; E. megalostromata—pheasant; E. meleagridis—turkey; E. meleagrimitis—domestic turkey; E. mitis—poultry; E. mivati—domestic fowl; E. miyairii—rat; E. mundaragi—cattle, zebu; E. musculi—mouse.
E. nadsoni—grouse; E. nagpurensis—rabbit; E. necatrix—domestic fowl; E. neodebliecki—pig, wild pig; E. neoleporis—rabbit; E. nieschultzi—rat; E. ninakohlyakimovae—sheep, goats and small wild ruminants; E. nocens—domestic and wild geese; E. nochti—rat; E. norvegicus—rat; E. numida—guinea fowl.
E. ovina—domestic sheep, small wild ruminants; E. ovoidalis—buffalo.
E. pacifica—pheasant; E. pallida—domestic sheep and goats; E. parva—domestic sheep and goats, small wild ruminants; E. parvula—gooses; E. pavonina—peafowl; E. pavonis—peafowl; E. pelleryi—bactrian camel; E. pellita—cattle; E. perforans—rabbit, hare; E. perminuta—pig; E. peruviana—llama; E. phasiani—pheasant; E. piriformis—domestic rabbit; E. polita—pig; E. porci—pig; E. praecox—poultry; E. procera—partridge; E. punctata—sheep; E. punoensis—alpaca.
E. rajasthani—dromedary; E. ratti—rat.
E. saitamae—duck; E. scabra—domestic and wild pig; E. schachdagica—duck; E. schueffneri—mouse; E. scrofae—pig; E. separata—rat; E. solipedum—horse; E. somateriae—wild duck; E. spinosa—pig; E. stiedai—rabbit, hare; E. stigmosa—domestic goose; E. striata—wild goose; E. subepithelialis—carp; E. subrotunda—turkey; E. subspherica—cattle, zebu, water buffalo; E. suis—domestic pig.
E. tenella—domestic poultry; E. tetricis—grouse; E. thianethi—buffalo; E. tropicalis—pigeon; E. truncata—domestic and wild goose; E. truttae—salmon.
E. uniungulati—horse, mule; E. weybridgensis—sheep; E. wyomingensis—cattle, zebu, water buffalo; E. zuernii—cattle, zebu, water buffalo.